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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Midrash \Mid*rash"\, n.; pl. Midrashim, Midrashoth. [Heb., explanation.] A talmudic exposition of the Hebrew law, or of some part of it.


In Judaism, the Midrash (; ; pl. Midrashim) is a term given to a genre of rabbinic literature which contains anthologies and compilations of homilies, including both the exegesis of Torah texts and homiletic stories and sermons as well as aggadot and occasionally even halakhot, which usually form a running commentary on specific passages in the Tanakh.

The purpose of midrash was to resolve problems in the interpretation of difficult passages of the text of the Hebrew Bible, using Rabbinic principles of hermeneutics and philology to align them with the religious and ethical values of religious teachers.

Usage examples of "midrash".

Their stiff necks bent over, endlessly studying the complexities of the Torah and the Talmud and the midrash, completely oblivious to the disaster that was beginning to curl over them.

Does not the midrash say that the Holy One, Blessed be He, created many universes before this one?

Everything pertaining to proper conduct is contained somewhere in the Talmud or the midrash or the responsa.

I, can still feel my cheek stinging from the slap of the mashgiakh, the study hall supervisor, as I trudge in the snow on the town square in the purple evening, having been ordered out of the bet midrash for impudent heresy.

I knew German and Polish, I read newspapers and novels, and precisely because I was a bright Talmudist I could look beyond the bet midrash to the world outside.

The Hebrew Talmud and Midrash date this event as the first night of the Passover, which would make it March 23.