n. (label en historical) (non-gloss definition Contemporary names for English) the extravagantly dressed French (l/en fop fops) and ‘fine ladies’ of the period of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French%20Directory, who affected a revival of the classical costume of ancient Greece.
The merveilleux (marvelous) is a small cake that originated in Belgium and is now found in France and some U.S. cities. It consists of a sandwich of two light meringues welded with whipped cream which has been covered with whipped cream and dusted with chocolate shavings. A candied cherry sometimes decorates the cake.
The confectioner and chocolatier Pierre Marcolini developed his own version, as did the French confectioner Frédéric Vaucamps, and Etty Benhamou of Le Mervetty. Vaucamp named each of his variations using comparable adjectives– Impensable or unthinkable for coffee, Excentrique or eccentric for cherry, and Magnifique or magnificent for praline. He also used names derived from the association of the word mervieilleux with French fashion of the late 18th century: Sans-Culotte for caramel. His Incroyable, which uses speculoos cream and white chocolate shavings, translates as unbelievable but is also a term paired with merveilleux in French fashion.
In various French provinces, the "tête de nègre", "boule choco", "boule meringuée au chocolat" or "arlequin" uses chocolate butter cream in place of whipped cream and the cake is completely surrounded by chocolate chips and takes the shape of a ball.
Usage examples of "merveilleux".
You will recall the Euphuists of England, the Precieuses of France and the Illuminati of the eighteenth century, as well as Les Merveilleux and Les Encroyables.