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Merdeka is a word in the Indonesian and Malay language meaning independent or free. It is derived from the Sanskrit maharddhika meaning "rich, prosperous and powerful". In the Malay archipelago, this term had acquired the meaning of a freed slave. The term Mardijker is a Dutch corruption of the Portuguese version of the original Sanskrit words and was used to designate former Portuguese and Dutch slaves from India in the East Indies, known as Mardijkers, whence the Malay meaning of "free(dom)" is derived. Mardijker are the former Catholic slaves brought from India and the East Indies that were liberated by the Dutch if they abandoned Catholicism and embraced the Dutch Reformed Church. The term was significant during the anticolonialist and pro-independence movements of the colonies of Indonesia, Malaya, and Singapore, in the history of Indonesia, history of Malaysia, and in the history of Singapore. It became a battle-cry for those demanding independence from the colonial administrations of the Netherlands and United Kingdom. In the southern Philippine island of Mindanao, the Moro people belonging to major ethno-linguistic groups of Meranaw, Maguindanaw and Iranun, use maradeka in the same meaning as freedom or liberation and freedom group there is called Maradeka.

The Tagalog term maharlika has the same Sanskrit origins as the Malay merdeka and means freeman, libertos or Freedman in classical Philippine society.

Usage examples of "merdeka".

They entered into the home of an ordinary middle-class death-worshipping family as it had been a century ago, in the one hundred and thirty-first year of Merdeka the Chosen.

It was Merdeka who sigma-ized the convergent traits of our times and asymptotically congruentizes with them publication-wise.

Federal Censorship Commission was created, and the next year the old Internment Camps in the southwest were filled to capacity by violators, and the next year the First Church of Merdeka was founded in Chicago.

There were too many people, and Merdeka was the answer to too many people.

It was Merdeka who sigmaized the convergent traits of our times and asymptotically congruentizes with them publication-wise.

The Merdeka had been the nearest equivalent to home for Allan, Tyne and Murray.

One scene had been of Murray, Allan Cunliffe and himself breakfasting at the Merdeka Hotel after a heavy night.