Merauke is a city considered to be one of the easternmost cities in Indonesia, located in Merauke Regency, Papua province, Indonesia. It is next to Maro River. At the 2010 Census it had a population of 87,634.
Merauke was established in February 1902 as a military post by the Dutch, to prevent raids by the Marind-anim into neighbouring British New Guinea and the northwest Torres Strait Islands ( Boigu, Dauan and Saibai).
The Cathedral of St. Francis Xavier in Merauke is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Merauke. Merauke was the site of an Allied air base during World War II and there was ground fighting between Australian and Japanese patrols in the area.