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Menkare was an Ancient Egyptian pharaoh, the first or second ruler of the combined 7th/8th Dynasty, depending on the scholar. Menkare probably enjoyed only a short reign at the transition between the Old Kingdom period and the First Intermediate Period, in the early 22nd century BC. The rapid succession of brief reigns at the time suggests times of hardship, possibly related to a widespread aridification of the Middle East known as the 4.2 kiloyear event. As a pharaoh of the 7th/8th Dynasty, Menkare's seat of power was Memphis.