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The Collaborative International Dictionary

mechanization \mechanization\ n.

  1. The act or process of mechanizing.

  2. Causing to be performed by machines, especially by a highly technical implementation, usually involving electronic hardware; as, the mechanization of a manufacturing process.

    Syn: automation, mechanisation, high technology, high-tech.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1834, from mechanize + -ation.\n\nIn our country, the ancient languages are studied, to a sad extent, as a mere exercise in the technics of etymology, syntax and prosody; and when thus pursued, there can be no good reason for so great a sacrifice of time and labor, or for that mechanization (if we may make a term) of mind which is the natural result.

["American Annals of Education and Instruction," December 1834]


alt. The use of machinery to replace human or animal labour, especially in agriculture and industry. n. The use of machinery to replace human or animal labour, especially in agriculture and industry.

  1. n. the condition of having a highly technical implementation [syn: mechanisation]

  2. the act of implementing the control of equipment with advanced technology; usually involving electronic hardware; "automation replaces human workers by machines" [syn: automation, mechanisation]


Mechanization or mechanisation ( British English) is the process of changing from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to doing that work with machinery. In an early engineering text a machine is defined as follows:

In some fields, mechanization includes the use of hand tools. In modern usage, such as in engineering or economics, mechanization implies machinery more complex than hand tools and would not include simple devices such as an ungeared horse or donkey mill. Devices that cause speed changes or changes to or from reciprocating to rotary motion, using means such as gears, pulleys or sheaves and belts, shafts, cams and cranks, usually are considered machines. After electrification, when most small machinery was no longer hand powered, mechanization was synonymous with motorized machines.

Usage examples of "mechanization".

What factors will shape the mechanization of USE farms and how will mechanization shape the USE?

Leaders and prophets dared to inveigh against mechanization and against the prevalent intellectualistic scientific culture, and against artificial photosynthesis.

With the abandonment of sail navies became less mobile, the inland seas were inaccessible after the invention of the marine mine, and blockade lost part of its power owing to the science of substitutes and the mechanization of agriculture.

But he was considerably concerned over just how much more could be added to the “essential” mechanizations already being undertaken.

It didn't take too much imagination for any of them to see themselves as Lionstone's next object of opportunity, outlawed so their planet could be next in line for mechanization under Lionstone's direct rule.

The outlawing of David and the threatened mechanization of their planets hit them where they lived, but it won't take them long to realize that their financial and social well-being is irrevocably linked to the Empire as it is.

They are all of them pastorals, having in common a closeness to the countryside and the forces of nature in days just before heavy urbanization and mechanization.

That is why, in an age of superlative mechanization, the master chef, the tea-taster, and the perfume-compounder are likely to remain immune to the possibility of technological unemployment.

Pushpin or Pushkin, doesn't care a damn for the music but he's fascinated by the complicated mechanism that produces it that's what America was all about, what mechanization was all about, what democracy was all about and the deification of democracy a hundred years ago all this technology at the service of entertaining Sigi's stupefied pleasure seeking trash out there playing the piano with its feet where it all came from isn't it?

Gangly window washers, long-armed fruitpickers, sleek aqua farmers, and burly construction helpers, all made for jobs where mechanization is too inflexible or costly, as inert as dolls, lacking any human spirit to drive them.