n. An itinerant Ukrainian bard, often blind, who played the kobza.
Kobzar ( Ukrainian: Кобзар, "The bard"), is a book of poems by Ukrainian poet and painter Taras Shevchenko, first published by him in 1840 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Taras Shevchenko was nicknamed The Kobzar after the publishing of this book. From that time on this title has been applied to Shevchenko's poetry in general and acquired a symbolic meaning of the Ukrainian national and literary revival.
The first publication consisted of a collection of eight works: "Думи мої, думи мої, лихо мені з вами"(My thoughts, my thoughts, it is bad for me because of you), "Перебендя" ( Perebendya), "Катерина" (Kateryna), "Тополя" ( Poplar tree), "Думка" (Thought), "Нащо мені чорні брови" (Why should I have Black Eyebrows), "До Основ'яненка" (To Osnovyanenko), "Іван Підкова" ( Ivan Pidkova), and "Тарасова ніч" (Taras's night).
The author also published two more books under the same name in 1844 and 1860. Also, in 1844, another version of the original Kobzar, titled Chyhyrynskyi Kobzar, was republished with an addition of the poem "Гайдамаки" (Haydamaky).
Publication of the work was forbidden by the Ems Ukase, which forbade the publishing of Ukrainian-language literature. This prompted the publication of the work in non-Russia-ruled lands, such as in Prague (now in the Czech Republic) and Germany.