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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

capital of Afghanistan, named for its river, which carries a name of unknown origin.


n. The capital of Afghanistan.


Kabul (; , , ) is the capital of Afghanistan as well as its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country. According to a 2015 estimate, the population of the city was around 3,678,034 which includes all the major ethnic groups. Rapid urbanization had made Kabul the world's 64th largest city and the fifth fastest-growing city in the world.

Kabul is over 3,500 years old and many empires have controlled the city which is at a strategic location along the trade routes of South and Central Asia. It has been ruled by the Achaemenids, Seleucids, Mauryans, Kushans, Kabul Shahis, Saffarids, Ghaznavids, and Ghurids. Later it was controlled by the Mughal Empire until finally becoming part of the Durrani Empire with help from the Afsharid dynasty.

During the Soviet war in Afghanistan the city continued to be an economic center and was relatively safe. Between 1992 and 1996, a civil war between militant groups devastated Kabul and caused the deaths of thousands of civilians, serious damage to infrastructure, and an exodus of refugees. Since the Taliban's fall from power in November 2001, the Afghan government and other countries have attempted to rebuild the city, although the Taliban insurgents have slowed the re-construction efforts and staged major attacks against the government, the NATO-led forces, foreign diplomats and Afghan civilians.

Kabul (disambiguation)

Kabul is the capital city of Afghanistan. The name Kabul may also refer to:

  • Kabul Province (historically known as Kabulistan), the province of Afghanistan where the city of Kabul is situated
  • Kabul River (classically called the Cophes), the main river in the eastern part of Afghanistan
  • Kabul, Israel, a local council in the North District of Israel

Usage examples of "kabul".

NATO member and the Turks had been helpful on Afghanistan: Ankara approved within an hour the American request to fly over Turkish territory and had agreed to lead the small peacekeeping contingent in Kabul.

But SinoInd interceptors lay in wait at places like Kabul, Ashkhabad, and Isfahan, relying on visual intercept and Indian pilots flying the colors of Afghanistan, Iran, Turkmenistan.

Martyrdom and pledged to establish nineteen spiritual assemblies in the British Isles, double the number of assemblies in the Indian subcontinent, establish ninety-five new centers of the Faith in Persia, convert the groups in Bahrein, Mecca and Kabul into assemblies and plant the banner of the Faith in the Arabian territories of Yemen, Oman, Ahsa and Kuweit.

By the time the mujahedin had decided to withdraw from the battlefield a flight of MiG 27 and two gunships based at Kabul were already airborne.

We overflew the southern deserts and passed Qandahar without incident, but a full-scale battle had broken out further up the Tarkan valley towards Kabul.

It was Scottie who had pulled her husband off his first tour in Kabul, in the middle of the Soviet-Afghan war and sent him to Beirut.

Tadzhik from the Panjshir Valley, which knifes north of Kabul all the way to the Tadzhik border.

Jemimah was saved from the Kabul massacre by faithful servants, she was hidden by them for several weeks until the British Army returned, and she has been in residence here in Witchwood Hall, her home, for well over two years now.

By the time she was ten Marina Karitska had discovered a way to make paper flowers to sell in the bazaars at feast days, and by doing this she accumulated enough profit to move her family to Kabul, where they prospered and she became a student.

Just two more deportees, shipped from Legend through Saudarabia to Kabul, Afghanistan.

The warlords control the country beyond Kabul, and the central government has little ability to control or even coordinate their actions.

As so often in the past, I was the victim of my own glorious and entirely unearned reputation - Flashy, the hero of Jallalabad, the last man out of the Kabul retreat and the first man into the Balaclava battery, the beau sabreur of the Light Cavalry, Queen's Medal, Thanks of Parliament, darling of the mob, with a liver as yellow as yesterday's custard, if they'd only known it.

The code clerk informed his superior - there was a full exchange of signals with Kabul before the message was sent upstairs.

The Gilzai chiefs smiled cheerfully when McNaghten delivered his decision, bade him good afternoon, and rode quietly out of Kabul - and three days later the munitions convoy from Peshawar was cut to ribbons in the Khoord-Kabul pass by a force of yelling Gilzais and Ghazis who looted the caravan, butchered the drivers, and made off with a couple of tons of powder and ball.

Everything had been peaceful as you please, and I was just thinking how greatly exaggerated had been the reports arriving in Kabul from Sale, when out of a side-nullah came a mounted party of Ghazis, howling like wolves and brandishing their knives.