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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Javan ( Hebrew יָוָן, Standard Hebrew Yavan, Tiberian Hebrew Yāwān) was the fourth son of Noah's son Japheth according to the " Table of Nations" (Genesis chapter 10) in the Hebrew Bible. Flavius Josephus states the traditional belief that this individual was the ancestor of the Greek people.

Also serving as the Hebrew name for Greece or Greeks in general, יָוָן Yavan or Yāwān has long been considered cognate with the name of the eastern Greeks, the Ionians (Greek Ἴωνες Iōnes, Homeric Greek Ἰάονες Iáones; earlier *Ιαϝονες Iawones). The Greek race has been known by cognate names throughout the Eastern Mediterranean, Near East and beyond—even in Sanskrit ( yavana). In Greek mythology, the eponymous forefather of the Ionians is similarly called Ion, a son of Apollo. The opinion that Javan is synonymous with Greek Ion and thus fathered the Ionians is common to numerous writers of the early modern period including Sir Walter Raleigh, Samuel Bochart, John Mill and Jonathan Edwards, and is still frequently encountered today.

Javan is also found in apocalyptic literature in the Book of Daniel, 8:21-22 and 11:2, in reference to the King of Greece (יון)—most commonly interpreted as a reference to Alexander the Great.

While Javan is generally associated with the ancient Greeks and Greece (cf. Gen. 10:2, Dan. 8:21, Zech. 9:13, etc.), his sons (as listed in Genesis 10) have usually been associated with locations in the Northeastern Mediterranean Sea and Anatolia: Elishah (modern Cyprus), Tarshish (Tarsus in Cilicia, but after 1646 often identified with Tartessus in Spain), Kittim (modern Cyprus), and Dodanim (alt. 1 Chron. 1:7 'Rodanim,' the island of Rhodes, west of modern Turkey between Cyprus and the mainland of Greece).

Javan (disambiguation)

Javan was a descendant of Noah, according to the Hebrew Bible.

Javan may also refer to:

  • Things related to the Indonesian island of Java
  • Javan Haldane, a character in historical fantasy novels by Katherine Kurtz
  • Radio Javan, an online Persian radio station based in the United States
  • Javan Vidal, an English footballer
  • Ali Javan, an Iranian-American physicist

Usage examples of "javan".

Javan that close contact between Deryni and humans sometimes catalyzed near-Deryni tendencies in the human so exposed.

The servants, all of them, had been given two chambers, and the forty guards who had accompanied Javan to Kentigern had been placed in five others.

The Qirsi minister paused between the two chambers, looking first at Javan and then at Fotir.

Javan had them stop so that he could summon two of his guards to the front of the company.

We are told that the sons of Japheth were Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

Javan had thought Revan and the others on their way to safety, but as he looked back over his shoulder he suddenly saw the preacher just at the edge of the pool with several of his disciples, flailing about him with his olivewood staff and even knocking an attacker from the saddle.

Alroy and Javan jointly by a southern baron, was a Cardounet board made of ebony and olivewood, inlaid around the edges with mother-of-pearl and semiprecious gems.

Greatly reassured, Javan crept softly over to the bed and parted the hangings, considering what else must be done before he fled.

Javan, feigning far more confidence than he felt, returned to his comparison of the two sets of documents.

Javan knew they certainly deserved one, but he also knew that any protest he made now would only be seen as begrudgery by friend and foe alike.

Javan could not see what color it was, but the besmocked child kneeling behind her in the window, peering at a pair of grey-striped pigeons on the outside sill, had a tousled shock of dark hair that glinted reddish in the waning light.

Javan spotted Declan Carmody occasionally, but that troubled man was still not back to full duty following his blow-up of some three months before.

The exercise offended Javan nearly as much as the slaughter of Ewan and the hapless Declan Carmody and his family, if in different ways.

By the time they were done, Javan had received two small Kheldish carpets, a brace of fleet deerhounds from Cassan, a mound of new sleeping furs from the mountains of the Connait, a pouch of freshwater pearls from one of the princes of Howicce, and a bolt of gold-shot scarlet silk from the Hort of Orsal.