Jatayu could mean:
- Jatayu (Ramayana), the bird in the Hindu epic Ramayana
- Jatayu Airlines, an Indonesian airline company
- Lalmohan Ganguly, alias Jatayu, a character in the Feluda stories by Satyajit Ray
In the Indian epic Ramayana, Jatayu ( Sanskrit: जटायुः Jatāyu, Kannada: ಜಟಾಯು: Jatayu, Telugu: జటాయు, Tamil: Chatayu, Thai: Sadayu, Malay: Jentayu or Chentayu, Indonesian: Burung Jatayu meaning "Jatayu bird") is the youngest son of Aruna. His brother, Sampaati, is a demi-god who has the form of a Vulture and was an old friend of Dasharatha ( Rama's father).