Irish-Scots are people in Scotland who are of immediate or traceably distinct Irish ancestry. Although migration between Ireland and Scotland has an established history (both ways) owing to their close proximity, Irish migration to Scotland increased in the nineteenth century, and was particularly strong following the Great Famine. In this period, the Irish typically settled in the cities such as Edinburgh, Dundee, Glasgow, towns like Coatbridge and industrial areas such as Fife.
In the United Kingdom Census 2001, almost 50,000 people, fewer than 1% of the population in Scotland, identified their ethnicity as being full or partial Irish descent. With centuries of heavy Irish immigration to Scotland, it is generally believed to be over 1.5 million people may have some Irish blood even if very distantly. The low ethnic Irish figure declared could be attributed to confusion between ethnicity and nationality. The same census states the number of Catholics in Scotland as approximately only 804,000 or 15.9% of the population, with the vast majority being of Irish background. The term Irish-Scots should not be confused with Ulster-Scots people (sometimes known as Scots-Irish), a term used to denote those in the Irish province of Ulster who are descended from Lowland Scots who settled there in large numbers during the Ulster Plantation and subsequently.
doyle.jpg| Arthur Conan Doyle Connolly2.jpg| James Connolly | Margaret Skinnider | Aiden McGeady Connolly Festival Cine Sidney.jpg| Billy Connolly Rafferty.jpg| Gerry Rafferty | Brian Cox Galloway 2007-02-24.jpg| George Galloway Capaldi by Gage Skidmore.jpg| Peter Capaldi Butler (Berlin Film Festival 2011).jpg| Gerard Butler Boyle Nov 2009.jpg| Susan Boyle | Rosemary McKenna WC-qualification 2014 - Austria vs Ireland 2013-09-10 - James McCarthy 01.jpg| James McCarthy | Owen Coyle
Famous Irish-Scots include socialist revolutionary James Connolly, author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, footballers Aiden McGeady, Ray Houghton, Owen Coyle and James McCarthy, politician George Galloway, actors Sean Connery, Brian Cox, Peter Capaldi, Gerard Butler, musicians Gerry Rafferty, Maggie Reilly, Jimme O'Neill, Claire Grogan, Fran Healy and comedians Billy Connolly and Frankie Boyle.