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IOP may refer to:

In organizations:

  • Inanimate Objects Party, an absurdist political party at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
  • Institute of Optronics, a technical organization under Ministry of Defence Production, Government of Pakistan
  • Institute of ornamental plants, a scientific institute in Sofia, Bulgaria, specialized in ornamental plant research
  • Institute of Physics, a British and Irish professional association for physicists
    • IOP Publishing, its publishing company
  • Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India, a research institute in India
  • Institute of Psychiatry, part of Kings College London
  • Internal Operating Procedure

In technology:

  • Integrated Optics Package, see integrated optical circuit
  • I/O processor
  • Individual Operations in computer instructions
  • Interoperability
  • Cromemco IOP, an input/output processor S-100 card

In medicine:

  • Intraocular pressure, a measure of fluid pressure in the eye
  • Intensive outpatient program, a rehabilitation therapy most commonly used to treat chemical dependency

In other uses:

  • Isle of Palms, South Carolina, an island off the coast of South Carolina
  • Invasion of privacy
  • Industrial-Organizational Psychologist or Practitioner, see Industrial and organizational psychology
  • Independent Olympic Participant, the label given to athletes who competed under the Olympic Flag in the 1992 Summer Olympics and the 2014 Winter Olympics