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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ From the experiences described in this paper requirements for a new hypertext system arose.
▪ We have described a scheme for introducing logical objects into one hypertext system, Guide.
▪ Document preparation systems have structural components such as paragraphs, and hypertext systems have additional structural components concerned with linking.
▪ It is proposed that hypertext systems go some way towards providing students with alternative structures for organizing their knowledge of electronic publishing.
▪ Users want solutions, not hypertext systems perse, and the hypertext system is normally part of the solution.
▪ It first presents the relevant differences between hypertext systems and document preparation systems whose end product is paper.
▪ A program allows one to frequently modify the hypertext database and test its consequences for the linear form.
▪ An author of a hypertext document sets up a number of alternatives for his readers which define pathways among nodes.
▪ In short, hypermedia combines qualities of hypertext and multimedia.
▪ Often, the terms hypertext and hypermedia are used interchangeably, causing confusion.
▪ One might argue that this feature of hypertext will for ever prevent it from being convertible into cohesive linear form.
▪ Sounds may be provided as simple files, or built into Apple's free do-it-yourself hypertext program, Hypercard.
▪ The promise of hypertext lies in its ability to produce large, complex, richly connected, and cross-referenced bodies of information.
▪ These include the global hypertext publishing concept, the universal reader concept, and the client-server concept.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1969, from hyper- + text (n.).


n. 1 (context uncountable English) digital text in which the reader may navigate related information through embedded hyperlinks. 2 (context countable English) A hypertext document.


n. machine-readable text that is not sequential but is organized so that related items of information are connected; "Let me introduce the word hypertext to mean a body of written or pictorial material interconnected in such a complex way that it could not conveniently be presented or represented on paper"--Ted Nelson


Hypertext is text displayed on a computer display or other electronic devices with references ( hyperlinks) to other text which the reader can immediately access, or where text can be revealed progressively at multiple levels of detail (also called StretchText). The hypertext pages are interconnected by hyperlinks, typically activated by a mouse click, keypress sequence or by touching the screen. Apart from text, hypertext is sometimes used to describe tables, images and other presentational content forms with hyperlinks. Hypertext is the underlying concept defining the structure of the World Wide Web, with pages often written in the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). It enables an easy-to-use and flexible connection and sharing of information over the Internet.

Hypertext (semiotics)

Hypertext, in semiotics, is a text which alludes, derives from, or relates to an earlier work or hypotext. For example, James Joyce's Ulysses could be regarded as one of the many hypertexts deriving from Homer's Odyssey; Angela Carter's "The Tiger's Bride" can be considered a hypertext which relates to an earlier work, or hypotext, the original fairy-story Beauty and the Beast. Hypertexts may take a variety of forms including imitation, parody, and pastiche.

The word was defined by the French theorist Gérard Genette as follows: "Hypertextuality refers to any relationship uniting a text B (which I shall call the hypertext) to an earlier text A (I shall, of course, call it the hypotext), upon which it is grafted in a manner that is not that of commentary." So, a hypertext derives from hypotext(s) through a process which Genette calls transformation, in which text B "evokes" text A without necessarily mentioning it directly ".

Note that this technical use of the word in semiotics differs from its use to mean a link in the field of , although the two are related. Liestøl's study of Genette's narratological model and hyperfiction considers how they are related and suggests that hyperfiction narratives have four levels:

  • 1. Discourse as discoursed;
  • 2. Discourse as stored;
  • 3. Story as discoursed;
  • 4. Stories as stored (potential story lines).

Usage examples of "hypertext".

You may convert to and distribute this work in any binary, compressed, marked up, nonproprietary or proprietary form, including any word processing or hypertext form.

The most radical new element that comes to the fore in hypertext is the system of multidirectional and often labyrinthine linkages we are invited or obliged to create.

With hypertext we focus, both as writers and as readers, on structure as much as on prose, for we are made aware suddenly of the shapes of narratives that are often hidden in print stories.

IN hypertext, multivocalism is popular, graphic elements, both drawn and scanned, have been incorporated into the narratives, imaginative font changes have been employed to identify various voices or plot elements, and there has also been a very effective use of formal documents not typically used in fictions -- statistical charts, song lyrics, newspaper articles, film scripts, doodles and photographs, baseball cards and box scores, dictionary entries, rock music album covers, astrological forecasts, board games and medical and police reports.

During one of my hypertext workshops, a certain reading tension was caused when we found that there was more than one bartender in our hotel: was this the same bar or not?

Really, he'd never even gotten much attention, except when he'd split with Maria Paz, and even then it had been the Padanian star who'd made the top of every sequence, with Cody Harwood smiling from a series of sidebars, embedded hypertext lozenges: the beauty and this gentle-looking, secretive, pointedly uncharismatic billionaire.

Hypertext reader and writer are said to become co-learners or co-writers, as it were, fellow-travelers in the mapping and remapping of textual (and visual, kinetic and aural) components, not all of which are provided by what used to be called the author.