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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Hipe \Hipe\, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Hiped; p. pr. & vb. n. Hiping.] (Wrestling) To throw by means of a hipe. -- Hip"er, n.


n. (cx wrestling English) A wrestler who uses the hipe technique.


The High Power laser Energy Research facility (HiPER), is a proposed experimental laser-driven inertial confinement fusion (ICF) device undergoing preliminary design for possible construction in the European Union. HiPER is the first experiment designed specifically to study the "fast ignition" approach to generating nuclear fusion, which uses much smaller lasers than conventional designs, yet produces fusion power outputs of about the same magnitude. This offers a total " fusion gain" that is much higher than devices like the National Ignition Facility (NIF), and a reduction in construction costs of about ten times.

Theoretical research since the design of HiPER in the early 2000s has cast doubt on fast ignition as a route to practical ICF. A new approach known as shock ignition has been proposed to address some of these problems. A similar ICF experimental setup in Japan was known as "HIPER", but this is no longer operational.