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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Hermes \Her"mes\, n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.]

  1. (Myth.) See Mercury.

    Note: Hermes Trismegistus [Gr. 'Ermh^s trisme`gistos, lit., Hermes thrice greatest] was a late name of Hermes, especially as identified with the Egyptian god Thoth. He was the fabled inventor of astrology and alchemy.

  2. (Arch[ae]ology) Originally, a boundary stone dedicated to Hermes as the god of boundaries, and therefore bearing in some cases a head, or head and shoulders, placed upon a quadrangular pillar whose height is that of the body belonging to the head, sometimes having feet or other parts of the body sculptured upon it. These figures, though often representing Hermes, were used for other divinities, and even, in later times, for portraits of human beings. Called also herma. See Terminal statue, under Terminal.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Olympian messenger and god of commerce, son of Zeus and Maia, identified by the Romans with their Mercury, from Greek Hermes, of unknown origin.

Hermes (disambiguation)

Hermes is the divine messenger of the Olympian gods in Greek mythology.

Hermes can also refer to:

Hermes (spacecraft)

Hermes was a proposed spaceplane designed by the French Centre National d'Études Spatiales ( CNES) in 1975, and later by the European Space Agency. It was superficially similar to the US X-20. France proposed in January 1985 to go through with Hermes development under the auspices of the ESA. Hermes was to have been part of a manned space flight program. It would have been launched using an Ariane 5. The project was approved in November 1987, with an initial pre-development phase from 1988 to 1990, with a green light for full-rate development depending on the outcome of the phase. The project suffered numerous delays and funding issues. It was canceled in 1992 since neither cost nor performance goals could be achieved. No Hermes shuttles were ever built.


Hermès International S.A., Hermes of Paris, or simply Hermès (; ) is a French high fashion luxury goods manufacturer established in 1837, today specializing in leather, lifestyle accessories, home furnishings, perfumery, jewellery, watches and ready-to-wear. Its logo, since the 1950s, is of a Duc carriage with horse. Nadège Vanhee-Cybulski is the creative director.

Hermes (Museo Pio-Clementino)

The Hermes of the Museo Pio-Clementino, part of the Vatican collections, Rome, was long admired as the Belvedere Antinous, named from its prominent placement in the Cortile del Belvedere. It is now inventory number 907 in the Museo Pio-Clementino.

Hermes (Marvel Comics)

Hermes is a fictional character in Marvel Comics. Hermes is the Olympian God of transitions and boundaries in Greek religion and mythology.

Hermes (comics)

Hermes, in comics, may refer to:

  • Hermes (Marvel Comics), a Marvel Comics character
  • Hermes (DC Comics), a DC Comics character connected to Captain Marvel
  • Hermes Conrad, a character who has appeared in Futurama Comics
Hermes (programming language)

Hermes is a language for distributed programming that was developed at IBM's Thomas J. Watson Research Center from 1986 through 1992. Hermes' primary features included:

  • Language support of processes and interprocess communication.
  • Compile-time verification that operations use initialized data.
  • Representation-independent data aggregates called tables.
  • Lack of pointers.

The compile-time checking of data initialization, called "typestate analysis", is an early precedent for the definite assignment analysis performed by Java, Cyclone and C#. Hermes and its predecessor, NIL, appear to have been the earliest programming languages supporting this form of initialization checking.

Hermes (BBS)

Hermes Bulletin Board Software (BBS) by Will Price was first released in 1988 as one of the first bulletin board system applications available for the Macintosh computer.

Hermes (publication)

Hermes is the annual literary journal published by the University of Sydney Union. It is the oldest such journal in Australasia.

Hermes (sculpture)

Hermes is a public artwork by an unknown Roman artist located at the Villa Terrace Decorative Arts Museum at 2200 North Terrace Avenue in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Hermes (gastropod)

Hermes is a subgenus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.

In the new classification of the family Conidae by Puillandre N., Duda T.F., Meyer C., Olivera B.M. & Bouchet P. (2015), Hermes has become a subgenus of Conus: Conus (Hermes) Montfort, 1810 (type species: Conus nussatella Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Conus Thiele, 1929

Hermes (missile program)

The Hermes project (November 15, 1944 - December 31, 1954), was started in response to Germany's rocket attacks in Europe. Project Hermes was to determine the missile needs of army field forces. "Accordingly the Ordnance Department entered into a research and development contract with the General Electric Company on 20 November 1944. "This contract authorized the General Electric Company to seek the development of long-range missiles that could be used against both ground targets and high-altitude aircraft. The contractor agreed to perform investigations, research, experiments, design, development, and engineering work in connection with the development of long-range missiles for use against ground targets and high-altitude aircraft." General Electric was also to investigate ramjets, solid rocket motors, liquid propellant rocket engines, and hybrid propellents. "The contract also required the General Electric Company to develop remote control equipment, ground equipment, fire control devices, and homing devices."

Hermes was the Army's second missile program. In May 1944 the Army contracted with the California Institute of Technology's Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratories to start the ORDCIT Project to research, test and develop guided missiles. The Hermes program originally was to have three phases; first would be a literature search, second a research group would be dispatched to Europe to investigate the German Missiles, third "it would design and develop its own experimental systems. Basically, this project covered every phase of missile technology with the exception of large-scale development and production of warheads and fuzes. However, . . . these many areas may be grouped within three general categories, namely, the A1 and A2 missiles, the A3 missiles, and all other Hermes missiles and supporting research."

In December 1944, Project Hermes was tasked with studying the V-2. Subjects which were to be addressed were ". . .transporting, handling,unpacking, classifying (identifying) , reconditioning and testing components of German rockets as well as assembling and testing subassemblies ahd (sic) complete rockets, manufacturing new parts, modification of existing parts, conducting special tests, constructing temporary test equipment not available at the Proving Ground, procuring and handling of propellants and supervision of launching rockets." Project Hermes's mandate created a need for an extensive area where missiles could be safely tested. The Army moved to create the White Sands Proving Grounds in south central New Mexico as a place to test the new missiles.

When the U.S. Army captured the Peenemünde engineers, including Werner Von Braun, Dr. Richard W. Porter of Project Hermes was close behind. Following the capture by American forces of the Mitteilelwerk V-2 factory, Special Mission V-2 swept in and scooped up enough components to assemble 100 V-2s. The components were quickly removed to New Mexico. Three hundred rail cars of V-2 parts and documentation arrived at the White Sands Proving Grounds and General Electric personnel started the task of inventorying the components. For the next five years overhauling and manufacture of parts, assembly, modification and launching V-2 rockets would be the major part of Project Hermes. Many of the V-2 components were in poor condition or unusable.

After the German V-2 parts and technology were imported into the United States, the U. S. Army formed the Upper Atmosphere Research Panel in early 1946 to oversee experiments both about their technology and their use for upper atmosphere research. One-third of the panel members were General Electric scientists. The Hermes project was expanded to include testing of the V-2 sounding rockets. General Electric employees, with the help of German specialists, assembled V-2s at White Sands Proving Grounds in New Mexico where the Army constructed a blockhouse and Launch Complex 33, now a National Historical Landmark. The first V-2 launch there was on April 16, 1946 but reached only 3.4 miles altitude. The maximum altitude reached by a Project Hermes V-2 was 114 miles achieved by V-2 #17 on 17 December 1946. There were 58 standard V-2s, 6 Bumper" V-2s with a WAC Corporal second stage, and 4 drastically modified V-2s launched as Hermes IIs (Hermes B) by Project Hermes. The last Hermes flight was by V-2 #60 on 29 October 1951, carrying a Signal Corps Electronic Laboratory payload. Most photos of American V-2s show the common white and black markings. The first two flown were painted in yellow and black. Others had combinations of white, black, silver and red. The last two fired by Project Hermes were black, white, and red with a big "Buy Bonds" logo (V-2 #52) and white, black, and silver with a small "Buy Bonds" logo.

The Project Hermes V-2 program had achieved its objectives. First, it had gained experience in handling and firing large missiles and trained Army personnel to launch them (The last 4 American V-2 flights were not part of Project Hermes, they were Army launched "Training Flights"). Second, Hermes had provided vehicles for experiments which aided the design of future missiles. Third, Hermes had tested components for future missiles. Fourth, Hermes had obtained ballistic data on high-altitude trajectories as well as developing various means of tracking such trajectories. Fifth, the V-2 program had provided vehicles for upper atmosphere and biological research. Additionally many components had to be manufactured due to shortages and deteriorated condition. Most notable was the inertial guidance system and mix computer.

Hermes (missile)

Hermes is a family of modularly-designed guided missiles developed in Russia by the KBP Instrument Design Bureau. Capable of being fired from aerial (Hermes-A), land based (hermes) and naval (Hermes-K) platforms, the Hermes system features a multistage rocket missile with a high-powered booster, and fire-and-forget capability. It is designed to engage single and group goals (including tanks, armored mechanical-engineering machines at frontline's worksite, fortifications of various types, surface targets and low-speed flying vehicles) single or volley fire at ranges of up to 100 km[3]. The complex is adapted for different variants of basing («Hermes» ground PU, «Hermes-A - aviation and «Hermes-To - ship version, developed stationary ground-based version) and is a unified solution precision rocket artillery for all the armed forces.

  • Battle of:

Type: bomb (Explosive+broken pieces) Weight: Warhead: 28 kg Explosive: 18 kg Armour penetration: 1 000 mm

  • Management and guidance of the complex

Valid types of control: Combined with the self-guidance.

Target tracking: automatic

Hermes (satellite)

Hermes was an American satellite which was to have been operated by the Colorado Space Grant Consortium. Intended to perform technology demonstration experiments in low Earth orbit, it was lost during launch in March 2011 when the rocket that was carrying it failed to achieve orbit.

Hermes was a single-unit CubeSat picosatellite which was primarily designed to test communications systems for future satellites. It was intended to test a new system which would allow data to be transferred at a higher rate than on previous satellites, thereby enabling future missions to return more data from scientific experiments or images. A secondary objective was to have seen tests performed upon the satellite bus, which was to have served as the basis for future COSGC missions. The satellite would also have returned data on the temperature and magnetic field of its surroundings.

Hermes was launched by Orbital Sciences Corporation using a Taurus-XL 3110 carrier rocket flying from Launch Complex 576E at the Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. It was a secondary payload on the launch, with the primary payload being the NASA Glory spacecraft. The KySat-1 and [[Explorer-1 Prime|Explorer-1 [Prime] ]] satellites were launched aboard the same rocket. The launch took place at 10:09:43 UTC on 4 March 2011, and ended in failure after the payload fairing failed to separate from around the spacecraft just under three minutes after launch. With the fairing still attached the rocket had too much mass to achieve orbit, and reentered over the southern Pacific Ocean or the Antarctic. It was the second consecutive failure of a Taurus rocket, following the loss of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory in 2009.

Hermes (Greek stamp)

The Greek god Hermes, messenger of the Gods in the Greek mythology, is the representation chosen, in 1860, by the Kingdom of Greece to illustrate its first postal stamps.
The first type, the "large Hermes head", was issued in October 1861, and stayed in circulation up to 1886, it was then replaced by the second type, the "small Hermes head".
The "large Hermes head" stamps, have been reissued, overprinted, in 1900 & 1901 in order to mitigate the delay of shipment of the stamps of the third type, the "flying Hermes" by the British printer J. P. Segg & C°.
In 1902, a fourth type showing Hermes effigy was issued for international "metal payment".
Finally, in 1912, a fifth type showing various Hermes representations was issued and stayed in circulation up to 1926.
Starting early 1920's, the subjects used to illustrate the Greek postal stamps are becoming diversified and let down the Hermes effigy. [[ de Paris - 20 Lepta.jpg|thumb|

20 lepta of the "large Hermes head" of the Paris printings


Hermes (given name)

Hermes is a masculine given name which may refer to:

  • Saint Hermes, several Christian martyrs
  • Hermes L. Ames (1865–1920), New York politician
  • Hermes Binner (born 1943), Argentine physician and a politician
  • Hermes da Fonseca (1855–1923), Brazilian soldier and politician, 8th President of Brazil and Minister of War
  • Hermes Lima (1902–1978), former Prime Minister of Brazil and jurist
  • Hermes Gamonal (born 1977), Chilean former tennis player
  • Hermes Neves Soares (born 1974), Brazilian footballer nicknamed Hermes
  • Hermes Pan (1910–1990), American dancer and choreographer
  • Hermes Ramírez (born 1948), Cuban retired sprinter
Hermes (surname)

Hermes is a surname which may refer to:

  • Andreas Hermes (1878–1964), German politician, minister in several Weimar Republic governments and member of the anti-Nazi resistance
  • Carli Hermès (born 1963), Dutch photographer and commercial director
  • Georg Hermes (1775–1831), German Roman Catholic philosopher and theologian
  • Gertrude Hermes (1901–1983), English wood engraver, printmaker and sculptor
  • Hans Hermes (1912–2003), German mathematician
  • Johann Gustav Hermes (1846–1912), German mathematician
  • Peter Hermes (1922-2015), West German Ambassador to the United States from 1979 to 1984, son of Andreas
  • Will Hermes (born 1960), American author, broadcaster, journalist and critic

Usage examples of "hermes".

And close by, all smirched with soot, was the base of the altar, which the Aeolid Phrixus once set up to Zeus, the alder of fugitives, when he sacrificed the golden wonder at the bidding of Hermes who graciously met him on the way.

Uttering a choice curse in Aramaic, Hermes flung open the door of the stove, scraped the live coals onto a small shovel, and flung them out of his back window.

Garden of Diana, or go farther down the valley through the Gardens of Hermes and Vulcan.

The Hermes of Kalos stood in a marble shrine in Corinth, and the Pallas of Musides surmounted a pillar in Athens near the Parthenon.

My blue Hermes tie looked sort of aqua on camera, and my hair was a bit messy, but my expression was a lawyerly one of quiet optimism.

And so we find that the same ideas permeate thePistis Sophia , theCorpus Hermeticum of Hermes Trismegistus, what survives of the works of Simon Magus and the Mandaean sacred texts.

I amalgamated divinities, sexes, and eternal attributes, the hardy Diana of the forests with the melancholy Bacchus, the vigorous Hermes of the palaestrae with the twofold god who sleeps, head on arm, like a fallen flower.

Icarus was the result of an impact, made a further name for himself by rediscovering the asteroids Apollo, which was part of the Eta-aquarid meteor stream, and Hermes, which was part of the Perseid meteor stream.

Church fathers like Augustine and Lactantius in the postclassical period had talked about Hermes Trismegistus as though he were a real person, and so did Roger Bacon and Aquinas in the Middle Ages.

Therein is the secret fire, living and philosophical, of which all the Hermetic philosophers speak with the most mysterious reserve: the Universal Seed, the secret whereof they kept, and which they represented only under the figure of the Caduceus of Hermes.

Universal Seed represented under the figure of the Caduceus of Hermes, 775-u.

Caduceus of Hermes represents the Universal Seed, kept a secret, 775-u.

Senator Sendai, Katherine had realized that Hermes Aldaran was unlike any man she had ever known or was ever likely to know.

Long before the embers had glowed down, a guilt-ridden Hermes had confessed his accident to Sabinus.

Mancate Semhians, stumbling across portmanteaux crammed with lexicons and dictionaries and other tubes of the voice of Hermes, takes possession of berths in the ship Polypheme, bound, as they mutually conceive, for the biggest adventure ever embarked on by a far-thoughted, high-thoughted, patriotic pair speaking pure Saxon or other.