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alt. (context pathology English) A congenital, benign tumor of endothelial cells. n. (context pathology English) A congenital, benign tumor of endothelial cells.


n. benign angioma consisting of a mass of blood vessels; some appear as birthmarks [syn: haemangioma]


An infantile hemangioma (IH) is one of the most common benign tumors of infancy and occurs in approximately 5% - 10% of infants. The word "hemangioma" comes from the Greek haema- (αίμα), "blood"; angeio (αγγείο), "vessel"; -oma (-ωμα), "tumor”. Infantile hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors composed of an increased number of unique endothelial cells that line blood vessels. They occur more frequently in female, premature and low birth weight infants. Infantile hemangiomas usually appear within the first weeks of life and grow most rapidly during the first three to six months of life. For most hemangiomas, 80% of infantile hemangioma size is generally reached by 3 months of age. Usually, growth and proliferation is complete and involution commences by twelve months of age, however, involution occurs slowly over many years with a majority of infantile hemangioma regression occurring by five years of age. Although infantile hemangiomas spontaneously regress over time, some may leave residual redundant fibrofatty tissue, scar, residual telangiectasia, or pigmentary changes.

Usage examples of "hemangioma".

One man, later found to have a scarred temporal lobe in association with hemangioma, killed his wife while in a state of epileptic furor.

Another article on hemangiomas followed four months later and helped to redefine surgical procedures for infants in that field.