Haryana (, ) is one of the 29 states in India, situated in North India. It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1November 1966 on a linguistic basis. It stands 21st in terms of its area, which is spread about . census of India, the state is eighteenth largest by population with 25,353,081 inhabitants.
Haryana is one of the most economically developed regions in South Asia, and its agricultural and manufacturing industries have experienced sustained growth since the 1970s. Since 2000, the state has emerged as the largest recipient of investment per capita in India.
It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and by Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh. Haryana surrounds the country's capital Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of south Haryana is included in the National Capital Region for purposes of planning for development.