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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Guna \Gu"na\ (g[=oo]"n[.a]), n. [Skr. guna quality.] In Sanskrit grammar, a lengthening of the simple vowels a, i, e, by prefixing an a element. The term is sometimes used to denote the same vowel change in other languages.


n. 1 (context Sanskrit linguistics English) A lengthening of the simple vowels ''a'', ''i'', ''e'', by prefixing an ''a'' element. 2 In Hindu philosophy, any of the three fundamental operating principles or tendencies of ''prakṛti'' (universal nature): sattva, rajas, and tamas.


depending on the context means 'string, thread or strand', or 'virtue, merit, excellence', or 'quality, peculiarity, attribute, property'.

The concept originated in Samkhya philosophy, but is now a key concept in various schools of Hindu philosophy. There are three gunas, according to this worldview, that have always been and continue to be present in all things and beings in the world. These three gunas are called: (goodness, constructive, harmonious), (passion, active, confused), and (darkness, destructive, chaotic). All of these three gunas are present in everyone and everything, it is the proportion that is different, according to Hindu worldview. The interplay of these gunas defines the character of someone or something, of nature and determines the progress of life.

In some contexts, it may mean 'a subdivision, species, kind, quality', or an operational principle or tendency of something or someone. In human behavior studies, Guna means personality, innate nature and psychological attributes of an individual.

There is no single word English language translation for the concept guna. The usual, but approximate translation is "quality".

Guna (Lok Sabha constituency)

Guna Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 29 Lok Sabha constituencies in Madhya Pradesh state in central India. This constituency covers the entire Ashok Nagar district and parts of Shivpuri and Guna districts.

Guna (disambiguation)

Guna or Gunas may refer to:

  • Guṇa, a Hindu philosophical concept
  • Guna District, in Madhya Pradesh, India
    • Guna, India, the capital city of the Guna District
  • Günəş, a municipality in Beylagan Rayon, Azerbaijan
  • Mount Guna, in Ethiopia
  • Guna (film), a Tamil film featuring Kamal Hassan and Roshini and directed by Santhana Bharathi
  • Guna people, indigenous peoples of Panama and Colombia
Guna (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Guna Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of the 230 Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) constituencies of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. This constituency is reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled castes since 2008, following the delimitation of the Legislative Assembly constituencies. It came into existence in 1951, as one of the 79 Vidhan Sabha constituencies of the erstwhile Madhya Bharat state.

Guna (woreda)

Guna is one of the woredas in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia. It is part of the Arsi Zone. It was separated from Merti woreda.

Usage examples of "guna".

It lay still, the guna useless pawn in this strange, eerie game of death.

A street guna cheap chrome automatic with the serial number etched outlay on the floor in front of the couch.

The pistol reminded him of nothing quite so much as a spud guna childhood toy capable of propelling a chunk of raw potato all of six feet.

But the herald saw it for what it was, and, as the galley came alongside the galleon, with a brace of brawny Irishmen contriving to keep her there against the tug of the current with boathooks and main strength, the herald shouted up at a swarthy, bearded man who stood by the rail with a glowing length of matchcord in one tar-stained hand and the other grasping the aiming rod of a swivel guna three-inch drake, mounted in the rail specifically to repel boarders.

One was dismantling and reassembling his guna 9mm Browning High Power pistol.

In the absence of a smoking guna confession, a witness, or a paper trailit is extremely difficult to prove that a judge was improperly motivated in rendering a decision favorable to a particular litigant.