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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

from Chamorro Guahan, said to mean literally "what we have."


Guam ( or ; Chamorro: ; formally the Territory of Guam) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States. Located in the western Pacific Ocean, Guam is one of five American territories with an established civilian government. The capital city is Hagåtña, and the most populous city is Dededo. In 2015, 161,785 people resided on Guam. Guamanians are American citizens by birth. Guam has an area of and a density of 297/km² (770/sq mi). It is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands, and the largest island in Micronesia. Among its municipalities, Mongmong-Toto-Maite has the highest density at 1,425/km² (3,691/sq mi), whereas Inarajan and Umatac have the lowest density at 47/km² (119/sq mi), respectively. The highest point is Mount Lamlam at above sea level.

The Chamorros, Guam's indigenous people, settled the island approximately 4,000 years ago. Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was the first European to visit the island on March 6, 1521. Guam was colonized in 1668 with settlers, like Diego Luis de San Vitores, a Catholic missionary. Between the 1500s and the 1700s, Guam was an important stopover for the Spanish Manila Galleons. During the Spanish–American War, the United States captured Guam on June 21, 1898. Under the Treaty of Paris, Spain ceded Guam to the United States on December 10, 1898. Guam is among the seventeen Non-Self-Governing Territories of the United Nations.

Before World War II, Guam and three other territories – American Samoa, Hawaii, and the Philippines – were the only American jurisdictions in the Pacific Ocean. On December 7, 1941, hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Guam was captured by the Japanese, and was occupied for thirty months. During the occupation, Guamanians were subjected to culture alignment, forced labor, beheadings, rape, and torture. Guam endured hostilities when American forces recaptured the island on July 21, 1944; Liberation Day commemorates the victory. Since the 1960s, the economy is supported by two industries: tourism and the United States Armed Forces.

Usage examples of "guam".

So we started evacuating to Guam, which increased our flight time and therefore narrowed the number of aircraft.

No one proposed going to Japan, and the doctor and Miles Soper wished to steer for Guam.

Guam between enemy aircraft taking off from patched-up Orote and TF 8 Hellcats vectored out to destroy them.

CHAPTER TWELVE GOING HOME Throughout our time on Guam I continued to go on patrols and to perform my duties as war dog veterinarian with a bottle of paregoric in one back pocket and one of bismuth subnitrate in the other.

Pacific Strategy Again WE LEFT THE PACIFIC WAR at the end of July 1944, with the Battle of the Philippine Sea won, Saipan, Tinian and Guam secured, and General MacArthur in control of Biak and the New Guinea Vogelkopf, poised to cross the Celebes Sea into Mindanao.

Faithful gives an engrossing picture of the heroic men and dogs involved in the battle to recapture the island of Guam during WWII.

The sacrifice that our servicemen and service dogs endured during World War II will always be remembered in the hearts of the people of Guam.

Always Faithful is the story of the dogs that fought in Guam and across the islands of the Pacific, a celebration of the four-legged soldiers that Putney both commanded and followed.

Purple Heart and a Silver Star for his actions with the war dogs in the invasion of Guam.

Putney brings an unusual degree of realistic empathy to his account of the training of Marine war dogs and their employment in the recapture of Guam, 1944.

It was one of the most dangerous jobs in World War II, and more dogs were employed by the 2nd and 3rd Platoons on Guam than in all of the other battles in the Pacific.

The dogs proved so valuable on Guam that every Marine division was assigned a war dog platoon and they paved the way for the many dogs that have followed them in the armed services, most famously in Vietnam.

After the Guam campaign the commanding general of the 3rd Marine Division, General Alfred Noble, recommended that war dog platoons utilize only scout dogs, and called for fifty-four scout dogs instead of twenty-four scout dogs and twelve messenger dogs.

On July 21, 1944, my men and dogs went over the side of our troop transports to help lead the battle for the liberation of Guam, the first liberation of American soil in World War II.

On Guam, as in training, the dogs proved expert at sniffing out even deeply buried mines.