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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ Allopurinol has withstood substantial trials, and remains a standard drug for the treatment of gout.
▪ Four clinical stages in the course of gout are generally recognized.
▪ He looked in the mirror and could see a gout of her smoker's phlegm on his cheek.
▪ Hyperuricemia is generated by one or both of two mechanisms in primary gout.
▪ I am a gout sufferer, and it's no laughing matter.
▪ In addition to these disorders, two specific enzyme defects have been reported to cause primary adult gout.
▪ Not only was gout meant to protect one from more dangerous ailments; it engendered virtue in itself.
▪ The causes of primary and secondary gout are presented in Table 4-2.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Gout \Gout\ (gout), n. [F. goutte a drop, the gout, the disease being considered as a defluxion, fr. L. gutta drop.]

  1. A drop; a clot or coagulation.

    On thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood.

  2. (Med.) A constitutional disease, occurring by paroxysms. It consists in an inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentous parts of the joints, and almost always attacks first the great toe, next the smaller joints, after which it may attack the greater articulations. It is attended with various sympathetic phenomena, particularly in the digestive organs. It may also attack internal organs, as the stomach, the intestines, etc. It is an inherited disease of purine metaboism, which causes an increased level of uric acid in the blood, and leads to deposition of crystals of sodium urate in cartilage within joints and in connective tissue. It can be alleviated by a diet low in purines, and is treated by drugs which block formation of uric acid.

  3. A disease of cornstalks. See Corn fly, under Corn.

    Gout stones. See Chalkstone, n., 2.


Gout \Go[^u]t\ (g[=oo]), n. [F., fr. L. gustus taste. See Gusto.] Taste; relish.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1200, from Old French gote (10c., Modern French goutte) "gout; drop," from Latin gutta "a drop," in Medieval Latin "gout," of unknown origin. The disease was thought to be caused by drops of viscous humors seeping from the blood into the joints, which turned out to be close to the modern scientific view.


n. 1 (context pathology not countable English) An extremely painful inflammation of joints, especially of the big toe, caused by a metabolic defect resulting in the accumulation of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urates around the joints. 2 (context usually followed by of English) A spurt or splotch. 3 (context rare English) A disease of wheat and cornstalks, caused by insect larvae.''Oxford English Dictionary'', second edition (1989)


n. a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints [syn: gouty arthritis, urarthritis]


Gout is usually characterized by recurrent attacks of inflammatory arthritis—a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint. Pain typically comes on rapidly in less than twelve hours. The joint at the base of the big toe is affected in about half of cases. It may also result in tophi, kidney stones, or urate nephropathy.

The cause is a combination of diet and genetic factors. It occurs more commonly in those who eat a lot of meat, drink a lot of beer, or are overweight. The underlying mechanism involves elevated levels of uric acid in the blood. At high levels, the uric acid crystallizes and the crystals deposit in joints, tendons and surrounding tissues, an attack of gout occurs. Diagnosis may be confirmed by seeing the crystals in joint fluid or tophus. Blood uric acid levels may be normal during an attack.

Treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), steroids, or colchicine improves symptoms. Once the acute attack subsides, levels of uric acid can be lowered via lifestyle changes and in those with frequent attacks, allopurinol or probenecid provides long-term prevention. Taking vitamin C and eating a diet high in low fat dairy products may be preventive.

Gout affects about 1 to 2% of the Western population at some point in their lives. It has become more common in recent decades. This is believed to be due to increasing risk factors in the population, such as metabolic syndrome, longer life expectancy and changes in diet. Older males are most commonly affected. Gout was historically known as "the disease of kings" or "rich man's disease". It has been recognized at least since the time of the ancient Egyptians.

Gout (disambiguation)

Gout can refer to:

  • Gout, metabolic arthritis
  • Gout Fort, grape variety Chenin blanc
  • Goût grec, style of decorative arts
  • Gout plant, Jatropha podagrica
  • Gout-Rossignol, commune in France

Usage examples of "gout".

This man, who had given up everything in life except his own self, fostered an amorous inclination, in spite of his age and of his gout.

There was some ground to hope in the first six months of the marriage, but since he has had the gout so badly there seems reason to fear lest his amorous ecstasies should have a fatal termination.

Sweat and tax and graft the last dollar out of the damned asterites, and take it back to buy a penthouse and a mistress and the gout in Panama City.

When bruised and mixed with lard, it makes a most useful opbdeldoc to be rubbed in for irritable spines of indolent scrofulous tumours or gout, until the skin surface becomes red and glowing.

A temporary absence from the centre of the stage might even be desirable, for he suffered excruciatingly from the gout: The King and Bute were surprised and immensely gratified when he accepted this offer.

He preached of hell and he preached of salvation, but most of all he preached of the magic prayer cloth that would answer problems, and when treated with the magic blue juice, would cure the gout, rheumsey, cabob disorder, and lung cancer.

They sagged and bowed, water breaching them in gouts and diluting the riverbed, eddying around the feet of the few remaining strikers, coiling like the gas above it, until with a shiver the Gross Tar reknit itself, healing the little rift that had paralysed it and confused its currents.

She presented me to her husband, who suffered dreadfully from gout, and could not stir from his arm-chair.

To mask the sound of her voice, Fiamma reached forwards and turned on the hot tap which, being connected to the dodgy StregaSchloss plumbing, obliged with a cacophony of splutters and clanks before it disgorged a gout of peat-stained water,no Im not breaking up, its just my mud bath, she continued.

The roots when preserved with honey, or sugar, are reputed to be of special service against the gout, if a reasonable quantity thereof be eaten fasting every day for a certain space.

With such persons a single indulgence in Tomatoes, particularly when eaten raw, may provoke a sharp attack of gout.

And I have myself known wonderful cures to follow on the adoption of a fruitarian dietary in cases of cancer, tumour, gout, eczema, all kinds of inflammatory complaints, and wounds that refused to heal.

He was a bachelor and wealthy, but, unfortunately, he had three or four times every year severe attacks of gout, which always left him crippled in some part or other of his body, so that all his person was disabled.

CHAPTER XXVIII The Ironmaster Sir Leicester Dedlock has got the better, for the time being, of the family gout and is once more, in a literal no less than in a figurative point of view, upon his legs.

Diemerbroeck, Bonet, Baglivi, Kercher, and Desault mention the efficacy of melody in phthisis, gout, hydrophobia, the bites of venomous reptiles, etc.