In Hindustani music, a gharānā is a system of social organization linking musicians or dancers by lineage or apprenticeship, and by adherence to a particular musical style. A gharana also indicates a comprehensive musicological ideology. This ideology sometimes changes substantially from one gharana to another. It directly affects the thinking, teaching, performance and appreciation of music.
The word gharana comes from the Urdu/Hindi word 'ghar', which means 'family' or 'house'. It typically refers to the place where the musical ideology originated; for example, some of the gharanas well known for singing khyals are: Agra, Gwalior, Indore, Jaipur, Kirana, and Pattiala.
Gharana is a 1961 Hindi film that stars Rajendra Kumar, Raaj Kumar, and Asha Parekh. It is directed by S. S. Vasan. The film became a box office hit. The film was a remake of Tamil film Mathar Kula Manickam.
Gharana is a 1989 Indian Bollywood film produced and directed by K. Ravi Shankar. It stars Rishi Kapoor, Govinda, Jaya Prada, Meenakshi Seshadri and Neelam Kothari in pivotal roles.