Gampola ( Sinhala:ගම්පොල, Tamil:கம்பளை) is a town located in Kandy District, Central Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. Gampola was made the capital of the island by King Buwanekabahu IV, who ruled for four years in the mid fourteenth century. The last king of Gampola was King Buwanekabahu V. He ruled the island for 29 years. A separate city was built in Kotte during this time by a noble known as Alagakkonara. The longest sleeping Buddha statue in South Asia is located in Gampola, the Saliyalapura Temple.
Gampola is a genus of moth in the family Arctiidae. They were found from Sri Lanka, where the generic name is due to Gampola area of Kandy, where the first species was discovered. Recently in 2016 June, another species was found from India and other few nearby countries such as China, Hong Kong, and Thailand.