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FILI – Finnish Literature Exchange is the organisation dedicated to promoting Finnish literature abroad. Its core activity is bringing literature from Finland to the world. FILI was established in 1977 as a subdivision of the Finnish Literature Society (SKS). FILI is also part of the TAIVE network of Finnish arts information organisations, taking an active role in promoting Finnish literature abroad and participating in international projects. FILI has been involved in setting up two international literature networks: we are currently part of the NordLit network alongside our fellow organisations in the Nordic countries, and we are a member of the Literature Across Frontiers LAF network as well.

Fili (Moscow Metro)

Fili is a surface-level station on the Filyovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. The station was opened on 7 November 1959, as the last surface side platform station on the line. The dual platforms are protected by canopies and are intersected at either end by road overpasses that provide additional shelter for waiting passengers. Two glazed upper-level entrance vestibule at both end of the station allow passengers to change platforms. The architects for the station were Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkevich. There is a transfer to a commuter train platform. The station receives a daily passenger traffic of 30,100.

Fili (disambiguation)

Fili may refer to:

  • FILI - Finnish Literature Exchange
  • Fili, a member of the class of poets in Ireland
  • Fíli, a Dwarf from The Hobbit novel by J. R. R. Tolkien
  • Fili (Moscow), a former village near Moscow, now a district in the same city; see also Church of the Intercession at Fili
  • Fili (Metro), a subway station in Moscow
  • Fyli, a town in Greece
Fili (Moscow)

Fili is a former suburban village, now a neighborhood in the western section of Moscow, Russia, notable for the events of September 1812, following the Battle of Borodino. The village was located between the Moskva River and Poklonnaya Hill, near the present-day Fili station of Moscow Metro and the extant Church of the Intercession at Fili. The territory is administered by Filyovsky park District (another related territory, Fili-Davydkovo District, lies southwest of historical Fili).

The first mention of Fili is dated 1627. From 1689, Fili, Kuntsevo, and adjacent settlements were owned by Lev Naryshkin, brother of tsaritsa Natalia Naryshkina. By 1694, he completed the Intercession Church, with donations by Peter I; its style is now known as Naryshkin Baroque. Naryshkin also established a new Fili village, closer to present-day Kutuzovsky Prospekt; the old Fili was remodelled into his personal estate.

After the Battle of Borodino (September 7, 1812), the Russian army retreated east, and camped near Fili on September 12. A military council led by General Kutuzov assembled in a wooden hut in Fili; despite objections from younger generals, Kutuzov insisted on his plan to abandon Moscow, saving the remains of the Russian army. They marched through Moscow on September 14, followed by Murat's vanguard.

Fili was heavily industrialized between the 1900s and the 1930s, and by 1926 it had 396 households and 1,342 residents; in 1935, the territory was annexed by the City of Moscow. A notable feature of Fili is the Khrunichev aerospace plant; its first stage was built before World War I by Roman Klein. In the 1920s, renamed State Aircraft Plant No. 7, it acquired German technology in a joint venture with Junkers, producing local copies of Junkers K30 bomber, and vastly expanded afterwards. In 1926, this became Zavod 22, where the aircraft of Andrey Tupolev were developed.

Usage examples of "fili".

It was Fili, shouting at Manaan, who was staring up at me as I shot another two fistfuls of fire off the mast and into the water.

So was Fili, who had evidently given his assent without fully considering the question.

Manaan had worked hard on Fili to get me on this boat and now I was going to accuse him of petty theft--or, to put the right color on it, outright betrayal.