Al-Fayoum (official name for the city) ( ; ) is a city in Middle Egypt. Located southwest of Cairo, in the Faiyum Oasis, it is the capital of the modern Faiyum Governorate. Originally called Shedet in Ancient Egypt, the Greeks called it Crocodilopolis or Krocodilopolis, the Romans Arsinoë. It is one of Egypt's oldest cities due to its strategic location.
Faiyum may refer to:
- Faiyum, a city in the Faiyum Oasis in Middle Egypt.
- Faiyum Governorate, one of the governorates of Egypt.
- Faiyum mummy portraits, naturalistic painted portraits associated with mummies found in the Faiyum area.
- Faiyum Oasis, in the Faiyum region in Egypt.