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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Greek letter, originally the name of the aspirate, from Phoenician heth.


Etymology 1 n. 1 The seventh letter of the Modern Greek alphabet, the eighth in Old Greek. 2 (context particle English) A kind of electrically neutral meson having zero spin and isospin. Etymology 2

n. A social outcast in Japan who is subjected to menial work, making up a class or caste of such people.


Eta (uppercase , lowercase ; or ) is the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet. Originally denoting a consonant /h/, its sound value in the classical Attic dialect of Ancient Greek was a long vowel , raised to in hellenistic Greek, a process known as iotacism.

In the system of Greek numerals it has a value of 8. It was derived from the Phoenician letter heth . Letters that arose from eta include the Latin H and the Cyrillic letter И.

ETA (separatist group)

ETA (, ), an acronym for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (; "Basque Country and Freedom") is an armed Basque nationalist and separatist organization in northern Spain and southwestern France. The group was founded in 1959 and later evolved from a group promoting traditional Basque culture to a paramilitary group engaged in a violent campaign of bombing, assassinations and kidnappings in the Spanish Basque country and throughout Spanish territory. Its goal was gaining independence for the Greater Basque Country. ETA is the main group within the Basque National Liberation Movement and is the most important participant in the Basque conflict.

Since 1968, ETA has been held responsible for killing 829 people, injuring thousands and undertaking dozens of kidnappings. The group is proscribed as a terrorist group by Spain, the United Kingdom, France, the United States, and the European Union. This convention is followed by a plurality of domestic and international media, which also refer to the group as "terrorists". There are more than 400 imprisoned members of the group in Spain, France, and other countries.

ETA declared ceasefires in 1989, 1996, 1998 and 2006, and subsequently broke them. On 5 September 2010, ETA declared a new ceasefire that is still in force, and on 20 October 2011, ETA announced a "definitive cessation of its armed activity". On 24 November 2012, it was reported that the group was ready to negotiate a "definitive end" to its operations and disband completely.

ETA's motto is ("Keep up on both"), referring to the two figures in its symbol, a snake (representing politics) wrapped around an axe (representing armed struggle).

Eta (disambiguation)

Eta (Η, η) is the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet.

Eta or ETA or eTA may also refer to:

Eta (given name)

Eta is a feminine given name. Notable people with the name include:

  • Eta Boeriu, Romanian writer
  • Eta Cohen, English violinist
  • Eta Linnemann, German theologian
  • Eta Tyrmand, Belarusian composer

Usage examples of "eta".

Neither is aware that I, in my capacity as an alumna and a chapter sponsor, had to stop Jean Hall from threatening everything dear to Kappa ThEta Eta.

For all I know, she could be a contemporary Mata Han with a secret agenda that forebodes ill for the future Kappa ThEta Eta alumnae pool.

The active Kappa Theta Etas, the alumnae, the missing one, and even the deceased one qualified for some role in the muddlesome puzzle.

This is a much neater place than the last, but the people look stupid and apathetic, and I wonder what they think of the men who have abolished the daimiyo and the feudal regime, have raised the eta to citizenship, and are hurrying the empire forward on the tracks of western civilisation!

CRYSTAL SPIRIT, the Facers plan to launch their own expedition to a habitable extra solar planet called Yggdrasil, which circles Eta Cassiopeia, some twenty light years from our Sun.

Dugan yelled that there were some Marine F-4s from Danang inbound with an ETA of ten minutes.

Sitting near him in the cafeteria was a Pipe-Rilla astronomer, about to leave Barchan en route to the Eta Cass ring system.

Then, from another box, Eta produced another necklace, one with cheap glass beads, and another with simple, small wooden beads.

Jaime made his way out of the city, and two days later when he reached Bilbao, he joined ETA.

And it was galling to the priest that young Basque cavers, boys who should have chosen their idols from the ranks of the priesthood, told stories of his spelunking exploits and of the time he had crossed with Le Cagot into Spain and broken into a military prison in Bilbao to release ETA prisoners.

Beyond this, there exists on Gor a variety of brands for women, though the Kajira brand, which Eta wore, is by far the most common.

I had seen few collars on Gor, but I had learned from Eta that there was great variety among them.

She had risen swiftly in favor among the masters, displacing even Eta as favorite girl.

Maggie tried to placate him by saying that the ETA Basques were all the way over on the other side of Spain.

If I ruled out Jean and Pippa, I was left with Rebecca, Debbie Anne, and the other sixty or so Kappa Theta Etas who had access to what I envisioned as boxes and boxes of pink construction-paper cats.