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Essen (; Latin: Assindia) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Its population of approximately 589,000 makes it the 6th-largest city in Germany. It is the central city of the northern ( Ruhr) part of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area and seat to several of the region's authorities.

Founded around 845, Essen remained a small town within the sphere of influence of an important ecclesiastical principality ( Essen Abbey) until the onset of industrialization. The city then — especially through the Krupp family iron works — became one of Germany's most important coal and steel centers. Essen, until the 1970s, attracted workers from all over the country; it was the 5th-largest city in Germany between 1929 and 1988, peaking at over 730,000 inhabitants in 1962. Following the region-wide decline of heavy industries in the last decades of the 20th century, the city has seen the development of a strong tertiary sector of the economy. Essen today is seat to 13 of the 100 largest German corporations, including two (by 2016, three ) DAX corporations, placing the city second only to Munich and on-par with Frankfurt am Main in number of corporate headquarters.

Although it is the (in total) most indebted city in Germany, Essen continues to pursue its redevelopment plans. Notable accomplishments in recent years include the title of European Capital of Culture on behalf of the whole Ruhr area in 2010 and the selection as the European Green Capital for 2017.

In 1958, Essen was chosen to serve as the seat to a Roman Catholic diocese (often referred to as Ruhrbistum or diocese of the Ruhr). In early 2003, the universities of Essen and the nearby city of Duisburg (both established in 1972) were merged into the University of Duisburg-Essen with campuses in both cities and a university hospital in Essen.

Essen (disambiguation)

Essen is a city in the Ruhr area of Germany.

Essen may also refer to:

  • Spiel or Essen, a game fair held in Essen, Germany
  • Essen (surname)
  • Essen, Belgium, a municipality in Antwerp, Belgium
  • Essen, Lower Saxony, a municipality in Cloppenburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • Essen, Groningen, a hamlet in the Netherlands
  • Essen, Gelderland, a village in Gelderland, the Netherlands
Essen (surname)

Essen is a German surname. Notable people with the surname include:

  • August Franz Essen, 18th-century Saxonian diplomat
  • Hans Henric von Essen, Swedish officer, courtier and statesman
  • Louis Essen, English physicist
  • Nikolai Essen, Russian naval commander and admiral

Usage examples of "essen".

Duisburg, Essen, Dortmund, Hamm, Bielefeld, Hanover, Helmstedt, Magdeburg, to Berlin-Zoological Gardens and Berlin-East Station is about to pull out.

Grantville are working in Essen for the Essen Chemical Company, or teaching or taking classes at the new applied sciences university in Bochum that the Republic of Essen has established.

Sie erhielten nun zu essen und zu trinken und gingen dann nach einer Ecke, wo Stroh und Decken lagen.

So it happens that the holding company whose merger with Mannesmann has been dissolved takes over the majority of Essen Anthracite AG and later, as the mealworm advises, rejoins Mannesmann.

Strasbourg on the nondeductible part of our trip to the Essen Toy Fair.

Unwittingly, Victor Batyrev, a mathematician from the University of Essen, revealed such an idea through a pair of papers released in the spring and summer of 1992, Batyrev had become very interested in mirror symmetry, especially in the wake of the success of Candelas and his collaborators in using it to solve the sphere-counting problem described at the end of Chapter 10.

Those that haven't gone directly to Grantville are working in Essen for the Essen Chemical Company, or teaching or taking classes at the new applied sciences university in Bochum that the Republic of Essen has established.

Here in Essen we are producing a disinfectant that is also a bleaching powder, calcium hypochlorite.

I have a precision mercury thermometer on order from the Essen Instrument Company thanks to my son, but they have a six month backlog in all of their orders, and their priority customers in Essen have first call on any emergency equipment.

When the surrounding Prussians learned that one of the aérostats had carried Minister Gambetta safely out to the unoccupied provinces, they sent a hurried message to the gunworks at Essen in the Rhineland.

It seemed that Duke Wolfgang Wilhelm and his son and heir, Philip, had gotten themselves killed in the course of a stupid attack on the Republic of Essen while the duke was pushing his claims to his maternal inheritance of J&uuml.