In Zen Buddhism, an is a circle that is hand-drawn in one or two uninhibited brushstrokes to express a moment when the mind is free to let the body create.
The ensō symbolizes absolute enlightenment, strength, elegance, the universe, and mu (the void). It is characterised by a minimalism born of Japanese aesthetics.
Drawing ensō is a disciplined-creative practice of Japanese ink painting—. The tools and mechanics of drawing the ensō are the same as those used in traditional Japanese calligraphy: One uses a to apply ink to washi (a thin Japanese paper).
The circle may be open or closed. In the former case the circle is incomplete, allowing for movement and development as well as the perfection of all things. Zen practitioners relate the idea to wabi-sabi, the beauty of imperfection. When the circle is closed, it represents perfection, akin to Plato's perfect form ( Plato), the reason why the circle was used for centuries in the construction of cosmological models, see Ptolemy.
Usually a person draws the ensō in one fluid, expressive stroke. When drawn according to the style of Japanese calligraphy, the brushstroke is especially swift. Once the ensō is drawn, one does not change it. It evidences the character of its creator and the context of its creation in a brief, contiguous period of time. Drawing ensō is a spiritual practice that one might perform as often as once per day.
This spiritual practice of drawing ensō or writing Japanese calligraphy for self-realization is called . Ensō exemplifies the various dimensions of the Japanese wabi-sabi perspective and aesthetic: Fukinsei (asymmetry, irregularity), kanso (simplicity), koko (basic; weathered), shizen (without pretense; natural), yugen (subtly profound grace), datsuzoku (freedom), and seijaku (tranquility).
Enso can refer to:
- Ensō, a Japanese word meaning "circle".
- El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the climate phenomenon commonly known as El Niño.
- Stora Enso, a Finnish–Swedish pulp and paper manufacturer.
- Enso (town), the Finnish name of the Russian town Svetogorsk.
- Enso Quartet, a US-based string quartet.
- Enso (software), a language-based service-oriented software invented by Aza Raskin.
, a Finnish cargo ship in service 1950-59
- Enso Group, a British company