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Dracut (software)

dracut is an event-driven initramfs infrastructure. dracut (the tool) is used to create an initramfs image by copying tools and files from an installed system and combining it with the dracut framework, usually found in /usr/lib/dracut/modules.d.

Unlike existing initramfses, dracut's framework attempts to have as little hard-coded into the initramfs as possible. The initramfs has (basically) one purpose in life—mounting the root file system so the boot process can transition to the real rootfs. This is all driven off of device availability. Therefore, instead of having hard-coded scripts to do various things, dracut's initramfs depends on udev to create symbolic links to device nodes and when the rootfs's device node appears, it mounts it and switches root to it. This helps to keep the time required in initramfs down so that things like a 5-second boot are not made impossible as a result of the very existence of an initramfs.

Most of the initramfs generation functionality in dracut is provided by generator modules that are sourced by the main dracut tool to install specific functionality into the initramfs. They live in the modules subdirectory, and use functionality provided by dracut-functions to do their work.

Currently, dracut supports booting from btrfs, DM RAID, MD RAID, LVM2, device mapper multipath I/O, dm-crypt, cifs, FCoE, iSCSI, NBD and NFS.

Lately dracut gained the ability to use systemd as process 1 in the initramfs.

Dracut (disambiguation)

Dracut is the name of a town in Massachusetts.

Dracut may also refer to:

  • dracut (initramfs), software to create a Linux initramfs