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Dichroa is a genus of 12 species of flowering plants in the family Hydrangeaceae, native to eastern and southeastern Asia. They are deciduous shrubs growing to 1-3 m tall, with their leaves arranged in opposite pairs. The flowers are produced in a broad inflorescence similar to that of the related genus Hydrangea. The fruit is a glossy metallic purple-blue berry.

Dichroa febrifuga (Chinese: 常山; pinyin: chángshān) is an important herb in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is considered one of the 50 fundamental herbs.

Selected species
  • Dichroa daimingshanensis Y.C.Wu
  • Dichroa febrifuga Lour.
  • Dichroa hirsuta Gagnep.
  • Dichroa mollissima Merrill
  • Dichroa yaoshanensis Y.C.Wu
  • Dichroa yunnanensis S.M.Hwang