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DFC (cipher)

In cryptography, DFC (Decorrelated Fast Cipher) is a symmetric block cipher which was created in 1998 by a group of researchers from École Normale Supérieure, CNRS, and France Télécom (including Jacques Stern and Serge Vaudenay) and submitted to the AES competition.

Like other AES candidates, DFC operates on blocks of 128 bits, using a key of 128, 192, or 256 bits. It uses an 8-round Feistel network. The round function uses a single 6×32-bit S-box, as well as an affine transformation mod 2+13. DFC can actually use a key of any size up to 256 bits; the key schedule uses another 4-round Feistel network to generate a 1024-bit "expanded key". The arbitrary constants, including all entries of the S-box, are derived using the binary expansion of e as a source of " nothing up my sleeve numbers".

Soon after DFC's publication, Ian Harvey raised the concern that reduction modulo a 65-bit number was beyond the native capabilities of most platforms, and that careful implementation would be required to protect against side-channel attacks, especially timing attacks. Although DFC was designed using Vaudenay's decorrelation theory to be provably secure against ordinary differential and linear cryptanalysis, in 1999 Lars Knudsen and Vincent Rijmen presented a differential chosen-ciphertext attack that breaks 6 rounds faster than exhaustive search.

In 2000, Vaudenay, et al. presented an updated version of the algorithm, called DFCv2. This variant allows for more choice in the cipher's parameters, and uses a modified key schedule to eliminate certain weak keys discovered by Don Coppersmith.

DFC (group)

DFC was an American hip hop duo composed of Flint, Michigan natives Alpha "Al" Breed and Bobby "T-Dub" Thompson. They were closely associated with MC Breed who was also Al's cousin.

DFC stands for Da Funk Clan.

MC Breed and DFC released their collaborative debut album on November 11, 1991 entitled MC Breed & DFC, which charted at 142 on the Billboard 200 and featured their most successful single, "Ain't No Future in Yo' Frontin'".

After MC Breed & DFC, DFC signed with Atlantic Records and were placed on their subsidiary Big Beat Records. They then released 1994's Things in tha Hood which became their most successful album, peaking at 71 on the Billboard 200 and spawning the singles "Caps Get Peeled" and "Thing in tha Hood". They followed up with 1997's The Whole World's Rotten, but disbanded in 1999 after appearing on MC Breed's It's All Good.