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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Latinized form of Greek Kyros, from Old Persian Kurush, a name of unknown etymology. In Hebrew, Koresh, and in that form taken c.1990 by Wayne Howell of Texas, U.S., when he became head of the Branch Davidian church there.


n. 1 An ancient king of Persia. 2 (given name male from=Persian).

Cyrus, MN -- U.S. city in Minnesota
Population (2000): 303
Housing Units (2000): 164
Land area (2000): 0.288414 sq. miles (0.746990 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.288414 sq. miles (0.746990 sq. km)
FIPS code: 14446
Located within: Minnesota (MN), FIPS 27
Location: 45.615099 N, 95.738747 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 56323
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Cyrus, MN

Cyrus is an English transliteration of the Persian name Kourosh. For the etymology, see Cyrus (name).

Cyrus (name)

Cyrus is the given name of a number of Persian kings. Most notably it refers to Cyrus the Great. Cyrus is also the name of Cyrus I of Anshan (ca. 650 BC), King of Persia the grandfather of Cyrus the Great; and Cyrus the Younger (died 401 BC), brother to the Persian King Artaxerxes II of Persia.

Cyrus, as a word in English, is the Latinized form of the Greek Κῦρος, Kȳros, from Old Persian Kūruš. According to the inscriptions the name is reflected in Elamite Kuraš, Babylonian Ku(r)-raš/-ra-áš and Imperial Aramaic kwrš. The modern Persian form of the name is Kourosh.

The etymology of Cyrus has been and continues to be a topic of discussion amongst historians, linguists, and scholars of Iranology. The Old Persian name "kuruš" has been interpreted in various forms from "the sun", "like sun", "young", "hero" to "humiliator of the enemy in verbal contest" and the Elamite "kuraš" has been translated as one "who bestows care".

The name has appeared on many monuments and inscriptions in Old Persian. There is also the record of a small inscription in Morghab (southwestern Iran) on which there is the sentence (adam kūruš xšāyaƟiya haxāmanišiya) in Old Persian meaning (I am Cyrus the Achaemenian King). After a questionable proposal by the German linguist F. H. Weissbach that Darius the Great was the first to inscribe in Persian, it had previously been concluded by some scholars that the inscription in Morghab refers to Cyrus the Younger. This proposal was the result of a false interpretation of a passage in paragraph 70 of Behistun inscription by Darius the Great. Based on many arguments, the accepted theory among modern scholars is that the inscription does belong to Cyrus the Great.

There are interpretations of name of Cyrus by classical authors identifying with or referring to the Persian word for “sun”. The Historian Plutarch (46 - 120) states that "the sun, which, in the Persian language, is called Cyrus". Also the Physician Ctesias who served in the court of the Persian king Artaxerxes II of Persia writes in his book Persica as summarized by Photios that the name Cyrus is from Persian word "Khur" (the sun). These are, however, not accepted by modern scholars.

Regarding the etymology of Old Persian kuruš, linguists have proposed various etymologies based on Iranian languages as well as non- Indo-European ones. According to Tavernier, the name kuraš, attested in Elamite texts, is likely "the original form" as there is no Elamite or Babylonian spelling ku-ru-uš in the transcriptions of Old Persian ku-u-r(u)-u-š. That is, according to Tavernier, kuraš is an Elamite name and means "to bestow care". Others, such as Schmitt, Hoffmann maintain that the Persian Kuruš, which according to Skalmowsky, may be connected to (or a borrowing from) the IE Kúru- from Old Indic can give an etymology of the Elamite kuraš. In this regard the Old Persian kuruš is considered with the following etymologies: One proposal is discussed by the linguist Janos Harmatta that refers to the common Iranian root "kur-" (be born) of many words in Old, middle, and new Iranian languages (e.g. Kurdish). Accordingly, the name Kūruš means "young, youth...". Other Iranian etymologies have been proposed. The Indian proposal of Skalmowsky goes down to "to do, accomplish". Another theory is the suggestion of Karl Hoffmann that kuruš goes down to a -ru derivation from the IE root *(s)kau meaning "to humiliate" and accordingly "kuruš" (hence "Cyrus") means "humiliator (of the enemy in verbal contest)".

Cyrus (2010 comedy-drama film)

Cyrus is a 2010 comedy-drama film written and directed by brothers Jay and Mark Duplass and starring John C. Reilly, Jonah Hill, Marisa Tomei, and Catherine Keener.

Cyrus (architect)

Cyrus was a Greek architect who lived in Rome in the times of Cicero. He died the year 53 BC, the same day Publius Clodius Pulcher was killed. It is known that he may have never married or had children even though some resources point that his great-grandchildren were friends of Quintus Mucius Scaevola. He worked as an architect for Cicero, who mentions him as the author of outstanding works in Ad familiares 7.14, Ad Atticum 2.3, Ad Quintum 2.21 and Pro Milone 17.

Cyrus (dubstep musician)

Cyrus is a Dubstep producer hailing from Croydon.

Cyrus (metal musician)

Cyrus (born Terje Andersen on May 12, 1975) is a Norwegian musician best known as the guitarist of Norwegian black metal band Susperia. He plays guitar and bass guitar.

Cyrus (whaler)

The barque Cyrus was the British whaling vessel captained by Richard Spratly, namesake of Spratly Island and the group of islands and reefs known as the Spratly Islands. The Cyrus sailed during the 1840s. The Cyrus also transported valuable cargo between the South Pacific and Great Britain.

The vessel was owned by a man known only as "Mr. Joe".

This vessel should not be confused with the American whaler, the Cyrus of Nantucket, which sailed during the same era. A bill of sale in the Nantucket Historical Association Research Library shows that a whaling vessel named Cyrus had several owners and was registered in London in 1916. Several sources speak of a Cyrus and an incident at Pitcairn, but some call it a London whaler and others an American whaler. However, testimony from the crew confirms this ship was sailing elsewhere under a different Captain.

Cyrus (surname)

Cyrus is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

  • Ron Cyrus (1935–2006), Kentucky politician, and his descendants:
    • Second generation:
      • Billy Ray Cyrus (born 1961), American musician and actor (son)
    • Third generation:
      • Trace Cyrus (born 1989), American musician; (former) lead guitarist of Metro Station (son of Billy Ray)
      • Miley Cyrus (born 1992), American actress and singer (daughter of Billy Ray)
      • Annalyn Cyrus (born 1997), American actress (niece of Billy Ray)
      • Noah Cyrus (born 2000), American actress (daughter of Billy Ray)
  • Gordon Cyrus, Swedish performer and record producer
Cyrus (album)

Cyrus is the self-titled debut studio album by Cyrus, the winner of the seventh season of The X Factor Australia, released through Sony Music Australia on 9 December 2015. The album peaked at number nine on the ARIA Albums Chart and was certified Gold by the Australian Recording Industry Association for shipments of 35,000 copies. It was preceded by the lead single " Stone", which debuted at number four on the ARIA Singles Chart. The album features re-recorded studio tracks of some of the songs he performed on the show including his winning single, "Stone".

Usage examples of "cyrus".

The southwest corner of Anshan contains the Persian highlands, whose clan leader was Cyrus the Achaemenid, hereditary lord of Anshan.

No larger than I, she was like a fragile doll on whose neck had been set, most incongruously, the large head of Cyrus, the curve to whose Achaemenid nose so resembled that of a rooster I had got to know in our courtyard that I almost expected to see nostrils like slits set atop the bridge.

Wyndham remarked that the Jews have a tradition which in itself is very probable, that the venerable man pointed out to Cyrus, after his conquest of Babylon, the verses in Isaiah, wherein he is spoken of by name, as conquering by the power of the Lord, and giving orders to rebuild Jerusalem and the temple: and also that other passage, in which the destruction of the Babylonish empire by the Medes is foretold, both prophecies being recorded more than a hundred years before the birth of the mighty king by whom they were accomplished.

Cyrus was determined to give Jenny the grandest wedding Biloxi had ever seen.

Englishman named Cyrus Harding was a professional boatbuilder by trade.

Cyrus Harding disappeared to the moment when his companions set foot on the ground.

He was sinking from exhaustion, and certainly, had not the reporter and his companions arrived, it would have been all over with Cyrus Harding.

Cyrus Curbstone starts getting these brokered deposits, he becomes a motivated lender.

Broke-michael tape last night, and it was all Cyrus, Roman, and our two Desis could do to hold him down!

Cyrus stepped inside and gestured for Desis One and Two to do the same.

Hawk replaced the radio in the pocket of his distressed overcoat inside the great hall of the Supreme Court as Cyrus kept Aaron, Jenny, Sam and the two Desis off to the side, away from the arched metal detectors.

Cyrus as Desis One and Two raised the thick velvet cords while Aaron, Sam and Jenny swept underneath during the insanity that faced the Supreme Court police and staffers.

Cyrus Harding could not be mistaken, as, during the war of the Union, he had had occasion to try these terrible engines of destruction.

Maybe Fracto had done them a favor, blowing them here so that Cyrus had had to rescue them.

I encountered the ogres of the Ogre Fen, then ran afoul of Fracto and got washed into the Water Wing, where Cyrus rescued us.