The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE, pronounced ) is a particle physics facility located at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in central Italy. CUORE was designed primarily as a search for neutrinoless double beta decay (0νββ) in Te, a process that has never been observed. It uses tellurium dioxide (TeO) crystals as both the source of the decay and as bolometers to detect the resulting electrons. CUORE searches for the characteristic signal of 0νββ, a small peak in the observed energy spectrum around the known decay energy; for Te, this is Q = 2527.518±0.013 keV. CUORE can also search for signals from dark matter candidates, such as axions and WIMPs.
An observation of 0νββ would conclusively show that neutrinos are Majorana fermions; that is, they are their own antiparticles. This is relevant to many topics in particle physics, including lepton number conservation, nuclear structure, and neutrino masses and properties.
The CUORE collaboration involves physicists from several countries, primarily from the United States and Italy. CUORE is funded by the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) of Italy, the United States Department of Energy (DOE), and the National Science Foundation (NSF) of the United States.
In September 2014, as part of the testing of the CUORE dilution refrigerator, scientists in the CUORE collaboration cooled a copper vessel with a volume of one cubic meter to 6 mK (0.006 K, −273.144 °C) for 15 days, setting a record for the lowest temperature in the universe over such a large contiguous volume.
Cuore is the twelfth studio album, and sixteenth album overall, by Gianna Nannini. It was released in 1998 on Polydor Records.
''' Cuore: human resistance weekly''' was a satirical insert provided with the more serious, Italian Communist paper l'Unità.
Cuore is a weekly Spanish women's magazine based in Madrid, Spain.