Cumaná (, 824,764 inhabitants) is the capital of Venezuela's Sucre State. It is located 402 km east of Caracas. Cumaná was one of the first settlements founded by Europeans in mainland America and is the oldest continuously-inhabited, European-established settlement in the continent. Attacks by indigenous peoples meant it had to be refounded several times.
The city, located at the mouth of the Manzanares River on the Caribbean coast in the Northeast coast of Venezuela, is home to one of five campuses of the Universidad de Oriente and a busy maritime port, home of one of the largest tuna fleets in Venezuela. The city is close to Mochima National Park a popular tourist beaches destination amongst Venezuelans.
The city of Cumaná saw the birth of key heroes of and contributors to the Venezuelan independence movement: Antonio Jose de Sucre, the ‘Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho’, a leading general and President of Bolivia; as well as Brigadier General D. Juan Francisco Echeto. Cumaná is also the birthplace to eminent poets, writers and politicians like Andrés Eloy Blanco, an important figure in Latin-American literature and who later rose to the national political scene; as well as José Antonio Ramos Sucre, another distinguished poet and diplomat. Important scientists including Pehr Löefling from Sweden, Alexander von Humboldt from Germany and Aimé Bonpland from France did part of their experimental works and discoveries when visiting and living in Cumaná in the XVIII century. The city is also home to a Toyota plant, which manufactures the Hilux and Toyota Fortuner.
Cumana, based in Guildford, England, was a manufacturer of educational computer products. Among its best-known products were disc drives for Acorn and BBC computers.
Cumana closed down in 1995. Its designs and brand name were acquired by Economatics 1, and its electronics assembly facilities by Kenure Developments Ltd (KDL). The Cumana brand is currently owned by Cannon Computing, which supplies educational hardware and software.
The Cumana Song (La Cumana) is a mambo tune written by jazz pianist Barclay Allen, together with Harold Spina and Roc Hillman and released by Barclay Allen's Rhythm Four on Capitol 15107 in 1947. Its signature riff is a fast moody change between two chords (chiefly D flat diminished sixth and C minor seventh) with some syncopation added. This tune, in its original context, is in the key of E Flat minor, with some parts sounding like they come from the relative key of C minor. The suggested tempo is 180 beats per minute, and this song in its original context takes about three and a half minutes to play, taking all repeats. Allen also recorded the tune with Freddy Martin And His Orchestra later in the year.
La Cumana has been featured on several episodes of " The Lawrence Welk Show".