Crossword clues for county
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
County \Coun"ty\ (koun"t[y^]), n.; pl. Counties (-t[i^]z). [F. comt['e], fr. LL. comitatus. See Count.]
An earldom; the domain of a count or earl. [Obs.]
A circuit or particular portion of a state or kingdom, separated from the rest of the territory, for certain purposes in the administration of justice and public affairs; -- called also a shire. See Shire.
Every county, every town, every family, was in agitation.
A count; an earl or lord. [Obs.]
County commissioners. See Commissioner.
County corporate, a city or town having the privilege to be a county by itself, and to be governed by its own sheriffs and other magistrates, irrespective of the officers of the county in which it is situated; as London, York, Bristol, etc. [Eng.]
--Mozley & W.
County court, a court whose jurisdiction is limited to county.
County palatine, a county distinguished by particular privileges; -- so called a palatio (from the palace), because the owner had originally royal powers, or the same powers, in the administration of justice, as the king had in his palace; but these powers are now abridged. The counties palatine, in England, are Lancaster, Chester, and Durham.
County rates, rates levied upon the county, and collected by the boards of guardians, for the purpose of defraying the expenses to which counties are liable, such as repairing bridges, jails, etc. [Eng.]
County seat, a county town. [U.S.]
County sessions, the general quarter sessions of the peace for each county, held four times a year. [Eng.]
County town, the town of a county, where the county business is transacted; a shire town.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
c.1300, from Anglo-French counte, from Late Latin comitatus "jurisdiction of a count," from Latin comes (see count (n.)); replaced Old English scir "shire."
a. Characteristic of a ‘county family’; representative of the gentry or aristocracy of a county. n. 1 (context historical English) The land ruled by a count or a countess. 2 An administrative region of various countries, including Bhutan, Canada, China, Croatia, France, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Serbia and Montenegro and Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. 3 A definitive geographic region, without direct administrative functions.
n. a region created by territorial division for the purpose of local government; "the county has a population of 12,345 people"
the largest administrative district within a state; "the county plans to build a new road"
In the United States, a county is a political and geographic subdivision of a state, usually assigned some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 of the 50 U.S. states. The exceptions are Louisiana and Alaska, where the functionally equivalent subdivisions are called, respectively, parishes and boroughs. Numerous consolidated city–counties exist throughout the U.S. in which a city has merged with its county to form one unified jurisdiction with the governmental powers of both entities.
The U.S. federal government uses the term "county equivalent" to describe non-county administrative or statistical areas that are comparable to counties. Louisiana parishes; the organized boroughs of Alaska ; the District of Columbia; and the independent cities of the states of Virginia, Maryland, Missouri, and Nevada are equivalent to counties for administrative purposes. Alaska's Unorganized Borough is divided into 11 census areas that are statistically equivalent to counties. As of 2013, the United States has 3,007 counties and 137 county equivalents for a total of 3,144 counties and county equivalents.
The number of counties per state ranges from the 3 counties of Delaware to the 254 counties of Texas.
Counties still have significant governmental functions in all states except Rhode Island and Connecticut, where all county governments have been abolished. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts has removed most government functions from eight of its 14 counties.
The county with the largest population, Los Angeles County (10,170,292), and the county with the largest land area ( San Bernardino County) border each other in Southern California.
County is a Liverpool City Council Ward in the Liverpool Walton Parliamentary constituency. The population at the 2011 census was 14,045. It contains the Walton area of Liverpool, England. The ward boundary was changed at the 2004 municipal elections.
Counties are one of administrative divisions of the Republic of China, which consists of Taiwan Province and Fujian Province. They are directly governed by the central government after the provinces were streamlined in 1998 and 1956 respectively. Legally, counties with a population of over two million can become a quasi-municipality .
A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes, in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French conté or cunté denoting a jurisdiction under the sovereignty of a count ( earl) or a viscount. The modern French is comté, and its equivalents in other languages are contea, contado, comtat, condado, Grafschaft, graafschap, Gau, etc. (cf. conte, comte, conde, Graf).
When the Normans conquered England, they brought the term with them. The Saxons had already established the districts that became the historic counties of England, calling them shires (many county names derive from the name of the county town ( county seat) with the word "shire" added on: for example, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire).
The Vikings introduced the term earl (from Old Norse, jarl) to the British Isles. Thus, the Anglo-Saxon's "earl" and "earldom" were taken as equivalent to the continental use of "count" and "county" under the conquering Normans, and over time the two blended and became equivalent terms. Further, the later-imported term became a synonym for the native English word scir or, in Modern English, shire. Since a shire was an administrative division of the kingdom, the term "county" evolved to designate an administrative division of states (federal states like those of Germany and the United States) or of a national government in most other modern uses.
In the United States and Canada, founded on the British traditions 700 years later counties are usually an administrative division set by convenient geographical demarcations, which in governance have certain officeholders (e.g. Sheriffs and their departments) as a part of the state/province mechanisms, including geographically common court systems. In practical terms, a county is generally a region in size where one can walk from border to border in a day, two or three
A county may be further subdivided into districts, hundreds, townships or other administrative jurisdictions within the county. A county usually, but not always, contains cities, towns, townships, villages, or other municipal corporations, which in most cases are somewhat subordinate, or dependent upon county governments. Depending on the nation and the municipality and local geography, municipalities may or may not be subject to direct or indirect county control—the functions of both levels are often consolidated into a city government when the area is densely populated.
Outside English-speaking countries, an equivalent of the term "county" is often used to describe sub-national jurisdictions that are structurally equivalent to counties in the relationship they have with their national government; but which may not be administratively equivalent to counties in predominantly English-speaking countries.
A County is a contemporary jurisdiction of local government in many countries.
County may also refer to:
- County (United States), a level of local government below a U.S. state or federal territory
- Counties of the People's Republic of China, third level political subdivisions in the People's Republic of China
- County (Republic of China), an administrative division in the Republic of China (Taiwan)
- Gaelic Athletic Association county, a division of the Gaelic Athletic Association
- County (ward), an electoral division of Liverpool, England
- Slang for County jail
Counties, in addition to being the plural for "county", may refer to:
- Counties Manukau Rugby Union, the governing body for rugby union in the Franklin District of New Zealand
Usage examples of "county".
Why, Abigail could best nearly any boy in the county at what were deemed masculine pursuits: hunting, riding and climbing trees.
Martin Cash was a fellow countryman, born at Enniscorthy in County Wexford, and when he had been sent to Norfolk Island, he had talked freely of his exploits as absconder and bushranger, taking great pride in both.
And there were problems with these votes, since the Sem-inole County Canvassing Board had allowed Republican Party volunteers to fill in missing data on absentee-ballot applications completed by registered Republicansa violation of Florida lawand many overseas absentee ballots from members of the armed forces lacked the postmarks required by law.
Seminole County Canvassing Board allowed Republican Party volunteers to fill in missing voter registration numbers on applications submitted by registered Republican voters requesting absentee ballots.
The complaint further alleged that the office of the Seminole County Supervisor of Elections failed to inform the Democratic Party of the actions of the Republican Party volunteers and to afford them the same opportunity to correct defective requests for absentee ballots from Democratic Party members.
He admitted that he had lived in Tulsa for more than ten years but still voted by absentee ballot in Madison County in every election, though he was no longer a legal resident there.
The entire county could be listening in, but too much time had passed and Banish needed to talk to Abies now.
Whitman thereupon set up the contention that the New Jersey court had acted without jurisdiction inasmuch as the sloop which was the subject matter of the proceedings had been seized outside the county to which, by the statute under which it had acted, its jurisdiction was confined.
Though the ground was covered with snow, and the weather intensely cold, he travelled with such diligence, that the term prescribed by the proclamation was but one day elapsed when he reached the place, and addressed himself to sir John Campbell, sheriff of the county, who, in consideration of his disappointment at Fort-William, was prevailed upon to administer the oaths to him and his adherents.
Carson saw the two county arson investigators out the front door of the admin offices and went back to his own office.
They learned later that the girl had taken frequent flights in the South, where her father had, for a time, entered into the business of giving aeroplane flights for money at county fairs and the like.
On the soil of his own county he was no longer the diffident, affable soul he had been on the Continent.
Complaints and applications for relief by the agriculturists, he said, had come up from every county, and they had been disregarded, probably because they were couched in respectful language.
San Francisco Mayor Conrad Aiken has called for a dusk-to-dawn curfew and has asked the governor to declare a state of emergency for the city and county.
Canada it occurs with apatite in pyroxene rocks which are intrusive in Laurentian gneisses and crystalline limestones, the principal mining district being in Ottawa county in Quebec and near Burgess in Lanark county, Ontario.