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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a county court (=a local court)
a town/city/county jail
▪ He was held without bail for thirty days in the county jail.
county council
▪ Kent County Council
county court
county cricket (=played between counties in England)
county fair
county town
county/state lineAmerican English
▪ He was born in a small town just across the state line.
national/state/county park
▪ the Lake District National Park
state/county fair
▪ From 1841 to 1911 the national increase was twenty million, over half of which took place in the metropolitan counties.
▪ It was used to justify the introduction of the poll tax and to justify breaking up metropolitan counties.
▪ I am not claiming to have considered the whole of the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear and its satellites.
▪ These were designated as metropolitan areas and were given a two-tier structure of metropolitan counties and districts.
▪ The smallest metropolitan county had, therefore, a population approximately double that of the largest unitary authority.
▪ The Labour Party controlled all six metropolitan counties when they were formed in 1974.
▪ Then, in 1986 the Thatcher government abolished the metropolitan counties.
▪ Between 1974 and 1986 there were also metropolitan counties, but these were abolished and their powers passed to metropolitan district authorities.
▪ Similar stories could be told of West Yorkshire, Leicestershire, and many other counties.
▪ At subsequent Forest Eyres in other counties the judges were clearly determined to raise large sums by fining the forest landowners.
▪ In two cases, beds have been bought from other counties and in the third, an outdoor pursuits scheme was used.
▪ But even that is better than many other counties ... and officers are confident their successful crackdown on crime will continue.
▪ Equally significant has been the rise in unemployment which is now higher here than in any other county in mainland Britain.
▪ C: No other county would have you when you were sacked.
▪ On this early evidence, Durham will have difficulty in bowling out other counties and success will devolve on fourth-innings run chases.
▪ Sussex probably has more trees per acre than any other county.
▪ This was followed by the Local Government Act 1888 which established county councils and county borough councils.
▪ The three main county boroughs were to be retained and five counties were to replace the existing thirteen.
▪ First, there is the problem of the former county boroughs.
▪ Counties and county boroughs became responsible for child care under the 1948 Children Act.
▪ The county comprised four districts based on city regions surrounding the former county boroughs of Sheffield, Barnsley, Doncaster and Rotherham.
▪ They were to become boroughs with the status of counties - or county boroughs.
▪ Among county boroughs the range was also extreme: Canterbury had only 33,000 souls while Birmingham had 1. 1 million citizens.
▪ Middlesbrough had been joined with five neighbouring local authorities to form the county borough of Teesside.
▪ When Warwickshire unexpectedly won the county championship in 1911, the number of people coming to see its matches doubled.
▪ We both support Surrey and watched the team through that glorious period when Surrey won the county championship six years in succession.
▪ As for the representative level I would restructure the county championship.
▪ In the county championship, Northants have had an excellent day's batting against Surrey.
▪ Durham and Cumbria will stage their county championships on Saturday the recommended date instead.
▪ Read in studio Cricket now, and the new county championship season began today.
▪ But Cleveland and Northumberland switched from the recommended second Saturday in June and held their county championships last weekend.
▪ The county council says the waste was not a potential risk to the public.
▪ Clwyd's Euro Week starts today with a special edition of Clwyd Connections published to mark the occasion by the county council.
▪ All 3 political groups on the county council, supported by hundreds of parents, agreed an education budget above Government limits.
▪ I also lobby statutory agencies, county councils and voluntary organisations.
▪ Ron Sims, a county council member, has had enough of this slaughter.
▪ It required the co-operation of villagers, the county council and the National Rivers Authority.
▪ Summons twist: A county councillor facing assault charges is taking out a private summons against the man he allegedly assaulted.
▪ Time allowed 00:19 Read in studio A controversial plan for a bypass around Aylesbury has been delayed by county councillors.
▪ He is a district and county councillor and lives in Thornaby.
▪ If our county councillors don't look after us then the future is bleak.
▪ But county councillors claimed it would reduce parental choice by restricting the number of 11-year-old pupils the popular school can recruit.
▪ The review's been welcomed by the county councillor who represents the Fairford area.
▪ Durham county councillors decided at a private meeting yesterday that the club building in Duke Street should be repossessed.
▪ The relevant county court jurisdiction is now unlimited.
▪ Water control was administered by highly autonomous irrigation districts which were under the legal jurisdiction of the county courts.
▪ The local authority brought proceedings in the county court for possession of the temporary accommodation.
▪ That was the view which appealed to the county court judge: and I must say it appeals to me also.
▪ Finally, on 30 May 1990 the local authority issued a summons in the county court seeking payment of both amounts.
▪ Liberty to apply to county court.
▪ Therefore he held that the court had no jurisdiction to review the decision of the county court judge for error of law.
▪ The court information category will then list details of county court judgments and administration orders held against you.
▪ Graveney feels that in county cricket there is not the same class of speed attack as is found in Test cricket.
▪ A part of the difficulty in leaving county cricket lies in its consuming characteristic.
▪ Essex are the county cricket champions.
▪ Viv Richards: no more county cricket?
▪ And here, along with many others, he is highly critical of the structure of county cricket.
▪ Nearby is the county cricket ground.
▪ In 1937 county cricket was estimated to have lost £30,000.
▪ John Carr, 28, who retired from county cricket two years ago, has rejoined Middlesex.
▪ The less-urbanized areas acquired a two-tier system of county government, accompanied by lower-tier urban and rural districts.
▪ The danger for PacBell extends beyond the city and county governments.
▪ All the added power to be granted county government by this charter proposal will accrue to an unelected staff.
▪ Citizen committees endorsed the idea repeatedly, but city and county governments have been unable and unwilling to do it.
▪ Trash has consumed county government officials' attention for much of this decade.
▪ Instead, county governments auction off tax lien certificates that investors purchase for the amount of the delinquent taxes and penalties.
▪ On rare occasions, owners fail to redeem their property and the county government deeds it over to the investor.
▪ It will open up county government for more public scrutiny, always a good thing.
▪ Their offer only applies to property in the home counties.
▪ Lancashire is their home county - nuff said.
▪ Not simply on Tring Reservoirs or the home counties gravel pits do men now sit for a ten pounder anymore.
▪ The regiment recruits almost exclusively from its home county.
▪ Although it was the men of Kent and the other home counties who took leading parts Sussex did not escape.
▪ City permits are more valuable; people without them who stray outside their home county can be arrested and jailed.
▪ Is it in the home counties?
▪ One such case was reported in my home county of Sussex.
▪ The new bills will save an average household £50 a year, but today's decision has shocked county officials.
▪ She said she is more concerned by the trouble county officials have had in negotiations with federal agencies.
▪ In choosing Allied, county officials said the company offered more money up front at closing than the other bidders.
▪ It was asked to provide the most inclusive list and leave it to the county officials to double-check the names.
▪ City and county officials said Thursday that they were not concerned about the foreclosure and the deal probably would go through.
▪ And the judges and county officials who work in the Civic Center, he put most of them there, too.
▪ Davis now plans to reopen it Friday and stay open all night, defying county officials and the sheriff's lawyers.
▪ If county officials confirm that 28, 084 are those of registered voters, a referendum will be held around May 1.
▪ Read in studio Addiction to the drug crack cocaine is spreading into the shire counties.
▪ In local government, many of our shire counties and districts have led the way in raising the quality of public service.
▪ Information gathered by the national criminal intelligence service reveals a growing use of crack cocaine in the Shire counties.
▪ Our policy is to make changes to the structure of local government in the shire counties.
▪ Changes to the boundaries of shire counties or districts are also possible, as at present.
▪ Unit costs in metropolitan authorities have been consistently higher than in the shire counties.
▪ Even the smallest county town could become the Mecca of the surplus rural population.
▪ Salisbury, quiet cathedral city, the county town of Wiltshire near to which is the village in which Mr Pecksniff lives.
▪ Northampton was another elegant county town and regional market centre and was known far and wide for its horse fairs.
▪ Which are the county towns, where many people are employed in administration?
▪ Louth's county town, Dundalk, is very near Belfast.
▪ Chester, a flourishing county town, had the King's School founded in 1541.
▪ Not only was Buckinghamshire small, its inadequate internal communications served to check the evolution of a true county town.
County elections are set for April 29.
▪ Cedric County, Kansas
▪ He served as a churchwarden from 1856 to 1863 and as a county magistrate.
▪ If the county meets state-set goals for such collections, it receives a bonus that can be used on any program.
▪ On rare occasions, owners fail to redeem their property and the county government deeds it over to the investor.
▪ People have a great sense of affection for the county and for their district.
▪ Rural counties such as Gwynedd suffer particularly since they often have very low density settlements, rugged terrain and relatively poor roads.
▪ The actual definition of key settlements, the hierarchies of settlement types and the nomenclature adopted for these vary enormously among counties.
▪ Then the county reversed field and decided to award two separate contracts.
▪ While Williamson County shares problems with those other fast-growing counties, local officials have handled the growth better than most.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

County \Coun"ty\ (koun"t[y^]), n.; pl. Counties (-t[i^]z). [F. comt['e], fr. LL. comitatus. See Count.]

  1. An earldom; the domain of a count or earl. [Obs.]

  2. A circuit or particular portion of a state or kingdom, separated from the rest of the territory, for certain purposes in the administration of justice and public affairs; -- called also a shire. See Shire.

    Every county, every town, every family, was in agitation.

  3. A count; an earl or lord. [Obs.]

    County commissioners. See Commissioner.

    County corporate, a city or town having the privilege to be a county by itself, and to be governed by its own sheriffs and other magistrates, irrespective of the officers of the county in which it is situated; as London, York, Bristol, etc. [Eng.]
    --Mozley & W.

    County court, a court whose jurisdiction is limited to county.

    County palatine, a county distinguished by particular privileges; -- so called a palatio (from the palace), because the owner had originally royal powers, or the same powers, in the administration of justice, as the king had in his palace; but these powers are now abridged. The counties palatine, in England, are Lancaster, Chester, and Durham.

    County rates, rates levied upon the county, and collected by the boards of guardians, for the purpose of defraying the expenses to which counties are liable, such as repairing bridges, jails, etc. [Eng.]

    County seat, a county town. [U.S.]

    County sessions, the general quarter sessions of the peace for each county, held four times a year. [Eng.]

    County town, the town of a county, where the county business is transacted; a shire town.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1300, from Anglo-French counte, from Late Latin comitatus "jurisdiction of a count," from Latin comes (see count (n.)); replaced Old English scir "shire."


a. Characteristic of a ‘county family’; representative of the gentry or aristocracy of a county. n. 1 (context historical English) The land ruled by a count or a countess. 2 An administrative region of various countries, including Bhutan, Canada, China, Croatia, France, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Serbia and Montenegro and Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. 3 A definitive geographic region, without direct administrative functions.

  1. n. a region created by territorial division for the purpose of local government; "the county has a population of 12,345 people"

  2. the largest administrative district within a state; "the county plans to build a new road"

County (United States)

In the United States, a county is a political and geographic subdivision of a state, usually assigned some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 of the 50 U.S. states. The exceptions are Louisiana and Alaska, where the functionally equivalent subdivisions are called, respectively, parishes and boroughs. Numerous consolidated city–counties exist throughout the U.S. in which a city has merged with its county to form one unified jurisdiction with the governmental powers of both entities.

The U.S. federal government uses the term "county equivalent" to describe non-county administrative or statistical areas that are comparable to counties. Louisiana parishes; the organized boroughs of Alaska ; the District of Columbia; and the independent cities of the states of Virginia, Maryland, Missouri, and Nevada are equivalent to counties for administrative purposes. Alaska's Unorganized Borough is divided into 11 census areas that are statistically equivalent to counties. As of 2013, the United States has 3,007 counties and 137 county equivalents for a total of 3,144 counties and county equivalents.

The number of counties per state ranges from the 3 counties of Delaware to the 254 counties of Texas.

Counties still have significant governmental functions in all states except Rhode Island and Connecticut, where all county governments have been abolished. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts has removed most government functions from eight of its 14 counties.

The county with the largest population, Los Angeles County (10,170,292), and the county with the largest land area ( San Bernardino County) border each other in Southern California.

County (ward)

County is a Liverpool City Council Ward in the Liverpool Walton Parliamentary constituency. The population at the 2011 census was 14,045. It contains the Walton area of Liverpool, England. The ward boundary was changed at the 2004 municipal elections.

County (Taiwan)

Counties are one of administrative divisions of the Republic of China, which consists of Taiwan Province and Fujian Province. They are directly governed by the central government after the provinces were streamlined in 1998 and 1956 respectively. Legally, counties with a population of over two million can become a quasi-municipality .


A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes, in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French conté or cunté denoting a jurisdiction under the sovereignty of a count ( earl) or a viscount. The modern French is comté, and its equivalents in other languages are contea, contado, comtat, condado, Grafschaft, graafschap, Gau, etc. (cf. conte, comte, conde, Graf).

When the Normans conquered England, they brought the term with them. The Saxons had already established the districts that became the historic counties of England, calling them shires (many county names derive from the name of the county town ( county seat) with the word "shire" added on: for example, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire).

The Vikings introduced the term earl (from Old Norse, jarl) to the British Isles. Thus, the Anglo-Saxon's "earl" and "earldom" were taken as equivalent to the continental use of "count" and "county" under the conquering Normans, and over time the two blended and became equivalent terms. Further, the later-imported term became a synonym for the native English word scir or, in Modern English, shire. Since a shire was an administrative division of the kingdom, the term "county" evolved to designate an administrative division of states (federal states like those of Germany and the United States) or of a national government in most other modern uses.

In the United States and Canada, founded on the British traditions 700 years later counties are usually an administrative division set by convenient geographical demarcations, which in governance have certain officeholders (e.g. Sheriffs and their departments) as a part of the state/province mechanisms, including geographically common court systems. In practical terms, a county is generally a region in size where one can walk from border to border in a day, two or three

A county may be further subdivided into districts, hundreds, townships or other administrative jurisdictions within the county. A county usually, but not always, contains cities, towns, townships, villages, or other municipal corporations, which in most cases are somewhat subordinate, or dependent upon county governments. Depending on the nation and the municipality and local geography, municipalities may or may not be subject to direct or indirect county control—the functions of both levels are often consolidated into a city government when the area is densely populated.

Outside English-speaking countries, an equivalent of the term "county" is often used to describe sub-national jurisdictions that are structurally equivalent to counties in the relationship they have with their national government; but which may not be administratively equivalent to counties in predominantly English-speaking countries.

County (disambiguation)

A County is a contemporary jurisdiction of local government in many countries.

County may also refer to:

  • County (United States), a level of local government below a U.S. state or federal territory
  • Counties of the People's Republic of China, third level political subdivisions in the People's Republic of China
  • County (Republic of China), an administrative division in the Republic of China (Taiwan)
  • Gaelic Athletic Association county, a division of the Gaelic Athletic Association
  • County (ward), an electoral division of Liverpool, England
  • Slang for County jail

Counties, in addition to being the plural for "county", may refer to:

  • Counties Manukau Rugby Union, the governing body for rugby union in the Franklin District of New Zealand

Usage examples of "county".

Why, Abigail could best nearly any boy in the county at what were deemed masculine pursuits: hunting, riding and climbing trees.

Martin Cash was a fellow countryman, born at Enniscorthy in County Wexford, and when he had been sent to Norfolk Island, he had talked freely of his exploits as absconder and bushranger, taking great pride in both.

And there were problems with these votes, since the Sem-inole County Canvassing Board had allowed Republican Party volunteers to fill in missing data on absentee-ballot applications completed by registered Republicansa violation of Florida lawand many overseas absentee ballots from members of the armed forces lacked the postmarks required by law.

Seminole County Canvassing Board allowed Republican Party volunteers to fill in missing voter registration numbers on applications submitted by registered Republican voters requesting absentee ballots.

The complaint further alleged that the office of the Seminole County Supervisor of Elections failed to inform the Democratic Party of the actions of the Republican Party volunteers and to afford them the same opportunity to correct defective requests for absentee ballots from Democratic Party members.

He admitted that he had lived in Tulsa for more than ten years but still voted by absentee ballot in Madison County in every election, though he was no longer a legal resident there.

The entire county could be listening in, but too much time had passed and Banish needed to talk to Abies now.

Whitman thereupon set up the contention that the New Jersey court had acted without jurisdiction inasmuch as the sloop which was the subject matter of the proceedings had been seized outside the county to which, by the statute under which it had acted, its jurisdiction was confined.

Though the ground was covered with snow, and the weather intensely cold, he travelled with such diligence, that the term prescribed by the proclamation was but one day elapsed when he reached the place, and addressed himself to sir John Campbell, sheriff of the county, who, in consideration of his disappointment at Fort-William, was prevailed upon to administer the oaths to him and his adherents.

Carson saw the two county arson investigators out the front door of the admin offices and went back to his own office.

They learned later that the girl had taken frequent flights in the South, where her father had, for a time, entered into the business of giving aeroplane flights for money at county fairs and the like.

On the soil of his own county he was no longer the diffident, affable soul he had been on the Continent.

Complaints and applications for relief by the agriculturists, he said, had come up from every county, and they had been disregarded, probably because they were couched in respectful language.

San Francisco Mayor Conrad Aiken has called for a dusk-to-dawn curfew and has asked the governor to declare a state of emergency for the city and county.

Canada it occurs with apatite in pyroxene rocks which are intrusive in Laurentian gneisses and crystalline limestones, the principal mining district being in Ottawa county in Quebec and near Burgess in Lanark county, Ontario.