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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Congius \Con"gi*us\, n. [L.]

  1. (Roman Antiq.) A liquid measure containing about three quarts.

  2. (Med.) A gallon, or four quarts. [Often abbreviated to cong.]

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
Cong (jade)

A cong is a form of ancient Chinese jade artifact. The earliest cong were produced by the Liangzhu culture ( 3400- 2250 BC); later examples date mainly from the Shang and Zhou dynasties.

In form, a cong is a tube with a circular inner section and squarish outer section. The outer surface is divided vertically or horizontally such that the whole defines a hollow cylinder embedded in a partial rectangular block. Proportions vary - a cong may be squat or taller than it is wide. The outer faces are sometimes decorated with mask-like faces, which may be related to the taotie designs found on later bronze vessels.

Although generally considered to be a ritual object of some sort, the original function and meaning of the cong are unknown. Later writings speak of the cong as symbolizing the earth, while the bi represents the heavens. The square represents the earth and a circle represents the heavens.

Porcelain versions of the cong are also known, as were featured in a BBC TV documentary entitled China in Six Easy Pieces (2013) presented by Lars Tharp, a porcelain specialist.


Cong may refer to:

  • Cong (jade), a form of jade artifact from ancient China
  • Cong (surname), (叢/丛) a Chinese surname
  • Phunoi people, called Cống in Vietnam, an indigenous people
  • Cong, County Mayo, a village in the Republic of Ireland
  • A slang name for the Vietcong
  • Cong Weixi (born 1933), Chinese author influential in the post-Mao literary scene
Cong (surname)

Cong or Tsung is a Chinese surname.

Usage examples of "cong".

For us, that means an unprecedented supply of condemned Americans, Viet Cong, Nigerians, Biafrans, Indonesians, South Africans, Russians, Indians, Pakistanis and Arabs.

Because the airfield was under constant attack every night and the Viet Cong were shooting holes in the planes, he and his flight were soon flying out of Korat, Thailand.

So, when we marched into the rice paddies on that damp March afternoon, we carried, along with our packs and rifles, the implicit convictions that the Viet Cong would be quickly beaten and that we were doing something altogether noble and good.

Peterson told us that the swath of rice paddies and villages stretching southward had been a Communist stronghold for years and was considered the most likely avenue of approach for a Viet Cong attack.

We had women who were members of the Viet Cong and carried rifles and went into combat like their male counterparts did.

House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights, Presidential Directive on the Use of Polygraphs and Prepublication Review, Hearings, 98th Cong.

Viet Cong have eliminated landlord domination and reallocated lands owned by absentee landlords and the G.

Some joined in fierce combat with the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese in and around Saigon and Hue during the Tet Offensive.

Though not specifically trained for combat, they more than held their own against battle-hardened North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops, and they tell remarkable stories of combat and courage under fire.

The North Vietnamese and Viet Cong had simultaneously launched assaults against thirty-six of the forty-four South Vietnamese provincial capitals, five of six autonomous cities, twenty three allied airfields and bases, including Tan Son Nhut, Bien Hoa, and Long Binh on the outskirts of Saigon.

Viet Cong would launch these 122mm rockets in the town, and we would take bets on what time they would arrive because they would come almost nightly.

So he took off, and he got down the street about two hundred yards, and boom, the Viet Cong in the building down there just opened up with a blast with their rocket grenade, and just tore the tracks off this tank.

They could be Viet Cong dressed as civilian police or South Vietnamese Army.

The Viet Cong was in a pantry-type kitchen, and he just started firing.

We had come across several other civilians that had been killed where we lost ground, and some NVA and Viet Cong had cut off their genitals and had marked up their bodies.