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The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (, Sovet Ekonomicheskoy Vzaimopomoshchi, , SEV; English abbreviation COMECON, CMEA, or CAME) was an economic organization from 1949 to 1991 under the leadership of the Soviet Union that comprised the countries of the Eastern Bloc along with a number of communist states elsewhere in the world.

The descriptive term was often applied to all multilateral activities involving members of the organization, rather than being restricted to the direct functions of Comecon and its organs. This usage was sometimes extended as well to bilateral relations among members, because in the system of socialist international economic relations, multilateral accords typically of a general nature tended to be implemented through a set of more detailed, bilateral agreements.

According to some historians, Moscow was concerned about the Marshall Plan. Comecon was meant to prevent countries in the Soviets’ sphere of influence from moving towards that of the Americans and South-East Asia. Comecon was the Eastern Bloc's reply to the formation in Western Europe of the Organization for European Economic Co-Operation (OEEC), a prelude to the European Economic Community ( founded in 1957) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (founded in 1961).

Comecon (band)

Comecon was a Swedish death metal project founded in 1990. The band consisted of two guitarists, a drum computer and a session singer; a different one on each album. The debut album featured the Swede Lars Göran Petrov, who was then dismissed from Entombed. Their second album was sung by Dutchman Martin van Drunen ( Asphyx). German Marc Grewe, from Morgoth handled the vocals on their final album. All three albums were produced by Tomas Skogsberg.