Ciocârlia, (meaning " skylark"), in the past sometimes spelled 'ciocîrlia', may refer to:
- Ciocârlia (lăutăresc tune), a Romanian traditional tune
- Fanfare Ciocărlia, a Romani (Gypsy) brass band from Romania
- Ciocârlia (film), a 2002 Romanian TV film
- Ciocârlia (ensemble), a Romanian folk music and dance ensemble that belonged to the Ministry of the Interior
Ciocârlia (meaning the skylark) is a Romanian tune, allegedly composed by the Romani- Romanian pan flute player Angheluş Dinicu in the virtuosic style of the urban lăutarească music from late 19th century.
Angheluş Dinicu first presented the tune in 1889 at the inauguration of the Eiffel Tower. However, the most famous version would become that of his grandson Grigoraș Dinicu, that adapted the tune for violin. George Enescu also was inspired by Ciocârlia for his composition the Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 for orchestra.
Ciocârlia has been covered numerous times, but because it is a piece of lăutărească music and not a piece of Romanian peasant music it cannot be considered representative for the Romanian peasant spirit.
In the case of the Ciocârlia, like with other famous tunes of lăutărească music, there were attempts to hide the name of the composer in order to make it seem anonymous/traditional.
It is known as Ševa (Шева) and čučuliga (Чучулига) in Serbian and Macedonian. It has also become highly popular in the Jewish Klezmer repertoire. In Georgia, the tune became widely adopted into traditional folk music repertoire and is known as "Torola" (ტოროლა, the lark)