The Russian-language surname Chizhevsky (feminine: Chizhevskaya) derives from the word "chizh" meaning " siskin". Surnames of similar derivations include Chizh, Chizhov. Polish-language equivalent: Czyżewski.
The surname may refer to:
- Alexander Chizhevsky was a Soviet-era interdisciplinary scientist, a biophysicist who founded "heliobiology".
- Nikolai Chizhevsky is a Russian football defender.