Crossword clues for chimpanzee
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Chimpanzee \Chim*pan"zee\ (ch[i^]m*p[a^]n"z[-e]; 277), n. [From the native name: cf. F. chimpanz['e], chimpans['e], chimpanz['e]e.] (Zo["o]l.) An african ape ( Pan troglodytes, formerly Anthropithecus troglodytes, or Troglodytes niger) which approaches more nearly to man, in most respects, than any other ape. It is the most intelligent of non-human animals, and when full grown, it is from three to four feet high. A variant called the pygmy chimpanzee, or bonobo, has been recently recognized as a separate species.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1738, from a Bantu language of Angola (compare Tshiluba kivili-chimpenze "ape"). Short form chimp first attested 1877.
n. A great ape of the genus ''Pan'', native to Africa, and believed by biologists to be the closest extant relative to humans.
n. intelligent somewhat arboreal ape of equatorial African forests [syn: chimp, Pan troglodytes]
Chimpanzees (sometimes called chimps) are one of two exclusively African species of great ape that are currently extant. Native to sub-Saharan Africa, both are currently found in the Congo jungle. Classified in the genus Pan, they were once considered to be one species. However, since 1928, they have been recognized as two distinct species: the common chimpanzee (P. troglodytes) live north of the Congo River and the bonobo (P. paniscus) who live south. In addition, P. troglodytes is divided into four subspecies, while P. paniscus has none . Based on genome sequencing, the two extant Pan species diverged around one million years ago. The most obvious differences are that chimpanzees are somewhat larger, more aggressive and male dominated, while the bonobos are more gracile, peaceful, and female dominated.
Their hair is typically black or brown. Males and females differ in size and appearance. Both chimps and bonobos are some of the most social great apes, with social bonds occurring among individuals in large communities. Fruit is the most important component of a chimpanzee's diet; however, they will also eat vegetation, bark, honey, insects and even other chimps or monkeys. They can live over 30 years in both the wild and captivity.
Chimpanzees and bonobos are equally humanity's closest living relatives. As such, they are among the largest-brained, and most intelligent of primates; they use a variety of sophisticated tools and construct elaborate sleeping nests each night from branches and foliage. They have both been extensively studied for their learning abilities. There may even be distinctive cultures within populations. Field studies of Pan troglodytes were pioneered by primatologist Jane Goodall. Both Pan species are considered to be endangered as human activities have caused severe declines in the populations and ranges of both species. Threats to wild panina populations include poaching, habitat destruction, and the illegal pet trade. Several conservation and rehabilitation organisations are dedicated to the survival of Pan species in the wild.
Chimpanzee is a 2012 nature documentary film about a young common chimpanzee named Oscar who finds himself alone in the African forests until he is adopted by another chimpanzee who takes him in and raises him like his own child. The U.S. release of the film is narrated by Tim Allen.
The film was released by Disneynature and directed by Alastair Fothergill and Mark Linfield. It is the sixth film produced by the Disneynature label, following Earth, The Crimson Wing: Mystery of the Flamingos, Oceans, Wings of Life and African Cats, and was released in theaters on April 20, 2012, just before Earth Day, April 22.
Usage examples of "chimpanzee".
There is by now a vast library of described and filmed conversations, employing Ameslan and other gestural languages, with Washoe, Lucy, Lana and other chimpanzees studied by the Gardners and others.
In addition to Ameslan, chimpanzees and other nonhuman primates are being taught a variety of other gestural languages.
Robin Dunbar attracted a great deal of interest in the mid-1990s with his theory that speech developed from grooming in chimpanzees.
Researchers have since shown that the human version of this gene differs by only three molecules, out of 715, from the version carried by mice, and by just two molecules from the version carried by chimpanzees.
Even adult chimpanzees and monkeys that have spent their whole lives in zoos and have never seen a snake share our instinctual herpetological fear.
Solarians would feel more restraint in dealing with humans, Pila, and Kanten than they had toward a chimpanzee.
Many primatologists felt that early efforts to teach chimpanzees ASL had been compromised by the strong bond that always developed between researcher and subject.
Many primatologists will recognize experiments, stories, and anecdotes in this book that were adapted from nonfiction accounts of raising chimpanzees in human families, observations of chimpanzees in the wild, and cognitive and linguistic studies of chimpanzees.
The four colony chimpanzees, on the other hand, learned ninety-one, one hundred and one, fifty-four, and sixty-six signs, respectively.
The cognitive abilities of chimpanzees force us, I think, to raise searching questions about the boundaries of the community of beings to which special ethical considerations are due, and can, I hope, help to extend our ethical perspectives downward through the taxa on Earth and upwards to extraterrestrial organisms, if they exist.
It was the size of a chimpanzee, and shared with its siblings the appearance of something traumatically wounded.
But later observations showed that Washoe and other chimpanzees were perfectly able both to ask questions and to deny assertions put to them.
What seems certain is that about five million years ago, there was an abundance of apelike animals, the gracile Australopithecines, who walked on two feet and had brain volumes of about 500 cubic centimeters, some 100 cc more than the brain of a modern chimpanzee.
Differences in group behavior-something that it is very tempting to call cultural differences-have been reported among chimpanzees, baboons, macaques and many other primates.
Until a few years ago, the most extensive attempt to communicate with chimpanzees went something like this: A newborn chimp was taken into a household with a newborn baby, and both would be raised together-twin cribs, twin bassinets, twin high chairs, twin potties, twin diaper pails, twin baby powder cans.