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n. European Council for Nuclear Research (derived from French acronym)


The European Organization for Nuclear Research ( French: Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (; ; derived from the name "Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire"; see History), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world. Established in 1954, the organization is based in a northwest suburb of Geneva on the Franco–Swiss border, and has 22 member states. Israel is the only non-European country granted full membership.

The term CERN is also used to refer to the laboratory, which in 2013 had 2,513 staff members, and hosted some 12,313 fellows, associates, apprentices as well as visiting scientists and engineers representing 608 universities and research facilities.

CERN's main function is to provide the particle accelerators and other infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research – as a result, numerous experiments have been constructed at CERN as a result of international collaborations.

CERN is also the birthplace of the World Wide Web. The main site at Meyrin has a large computer facility containing powerful data processing facilities, primarily for experimental- data analysis; because of the need to make these facilities available to researchers elsewhere, it has historically been a major wide area network hub.

Usage examples of "cern".

But CERN has now broken ground on its new Antiproton Decelerator-an advanced antimatter production facility that promises to create antimatter in much larger quantities.

American attempt to do some quick physics with Z and W bosons and skim off the cream before the LEP Collider at CERN started running in the late 1980s.

In a dry tone she said that I should not con cern myself with dona Soledad's health because they had al ready taken steps to help her.

Look, Father, as a police officer the only kind of confession I'm interested in concerns the crime or crimes Animal committed.

Also, he was getting more and more con- earned a reputation as a hard-nosed squadron leader in the cerned about some of the methods the inner security peo- Vietnam war, flying F-6 Phantoms in close support of ple used.

They also passed a few other people, each wearing cylindrical dosimeters that served the same purpose but looked nothing like the film badges everyone sported at CERN.

Switzerland used the PAL recording format, and, although multistandard machines were common, there were a few NTSC-only VCRs at CERN.

The last five Nobel Prizes in Physics had been awarded for CERN system work, and no one was betting that that was the end of the string.

I think we've all been fooled into thinking that the revolution has already come and gone, that the CERN system was the paradigm shift we'd been waiting for.

I am not proposing sneaking a CERN particle accelerator past Hoboken customs.

One by-product of the big particle accelerators at Fermilab in Illinois, at IHEP in Novosibirsk in the Soviet Union, and at CERN in Switzerland, is a supply of antiprotons and positrons.

In 199 1, Ugo Amaldi of CERN, Wim de Boer and Hermann Fürstenau of the University of Karlsruhe, Germany, recalculated the Georgi, Quinn, and Weinberg extrapolations making use of these experimental refinements and showed two significant things.

Over the past days, he'd gestalted with Padrugoi's solar-powered generators, the ship's fuel-powered one, the exceedingly easy-to-tap CERN generators, the Farside Telescope's solar array, and, most recently, had had just a nibble at the nuclear/solar-power-augmented generators on the Moon.