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n. (cavum English)

Cava (Spanish wine)

Cava (, plural caves) is a sparkling wine of Denominación de Origen (DO) status from Spain, most of which is produced in Catalonia. It may be white (blanc) or rosé (rosat). The macabeu, parellada and xarel·lo are the most popular and traditional grape varieties for producing cava. Only wines produced in the champenoise traditional method may be labelled "cava"; those produced by other processes may only be called "sparkling wines" (vinos espumosos). About 95% of all cava is produced in the Penedès area in Catalonia, with the village of Sant Sadurní d'Anoia being home to many of Spain's largest production houses. The two major producers are Codorníu and Freixenet. Cava is also produced in other villages in Aragon, Castile and León, Extremadura, La Rioja, Vasque Country, Navarre and Valencia.

In the past, cava was referred to as "Spanish champagne", which is no longer permitted under European Union law, since Champagne has Protected Geographical Status (PGS) and Spain entered the EU in 1986. Colloquially it is still called champán or champaña in Spanish or xampany in Catalan. Today it is defined by law as a "quality sparkling wine produced in a designated region" (vino Espumoso de Calidad Producido en una Región Determinada, VECPRD).

Cava is an important part of Catalan and Spanish family tradition and is often consumed at celebrations like baptisms, marriages, banquets, dinners and parties.

Usage examples of "cava".

I think the injury is to the cava, so I need to control the vessel, proximal and distal to the injury.

She handed Zach the instruments, and he guided one of them into the abdomen, pressing on the vena cava just as it divided into the iliac veins that drained the lower extremities.

The vena cava is the major vein that returns blood from the lower half of the body to the heart.

The portion of the inferior vena cava that lies behind the liver, the retro hepatic portion, is extremely difficult to expose and control in an operation.

Zach had not fared much better than most surgeons with holes in the retro hepatic vena cava, and it drove him crazy.

It was nearly impossible to gain control of the vessel without opening the chest and clamping the vena cava as it entered the heart.

The problem could be circumvented by placing a shunt into the vena cava to allow the blood to return to the heart.

Cloth ties could then be snugged around the cava above and below the injury, and a clamp applied to the other blood vessels supplying the liver.

Our abstract on fixing the vena cava during circulatory arrest was accepted.

The bullet had entered his back and exited from his right upper quadrant, where the liver and vena cava were located.

Seventy-five percent of the wall of the retro hepatic vena cava was destroyed, as well as the veins that drained the right liver.

Then the chyle, conveyed through the thoracic duct from its cistern in the mesentery, is carried to the vena cava, and so to the heart.

In each organ separation and purification of the blood are effected and removal of the heterogeneous, not to mention how the heart sends its blood up to the brain after purification in the lungs, which is done by the arteries called carotids, and how the brain returns the blood, now vivified, to the vena cava just above where the thoracic duct brings in the chyle, and so back again to the heart.

Veins like the inferior vena cava and the veins of the brain, which are not compressed by movements of the body, do not have valves.

Observe the openings into the auricle, there being one each for the vena cava superior, the vena cava inferior, and the coronary vein.