Carvalho , meaning ' oak', is a common surname in Portugal, Brazil, Galicia (although in Galicia it may be spelled ' Carvallo' or ' Carballo'), the former Portuguese African colonies ( Angola, Mozambique, etc.) and people from the State of Goa in India as well as from Vasai, a town to the north of Mumbai in India. It is a name shared by a number of notable people:
Carvalho is a parish in Penacova Municipality, Portugal. The population in 2011 was 846, in an area of 30.14 km².