Carme ( ; ) is a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter. It was discovered by Seth Barnes Nicholson at Mount Wilson Observatory in California in July 1938. It is named after the mythological Carme, mother by Zeus of Britomartis, a Cretan goddess.
Carme did not receive its present name until 1975; before then, it was simply known as . It was sometimes called " Pan" between 1955 and 1975 ( Pan is now the name of a satellite of Saturn).
It gives its name to the Carme group, made up of irregular retrograde moons orbiting Jupiter at a distance ranging between 23 and 24 Gm and at an inclination of about 165°. Its orbital elements are as of January 2000. They are continuously changing due to solar and planetary perturbations.
Carme may refer to:
- Carme (name)
- Carme (moon), a moon of Jupiter
- Carme (mythology), a figure in Greek mythology
- Carme group, a group of satellites orbiting Jupiter
- Carme, Barcelona, a village in Barcelona province, Catalonia, Spain
Carme, the Latinized form of Greek Karmê (Κάρμη "shearer"), was a female Cretan spirit who assisted the grain harvest of Demeter's Cretan predecessor. According to stories of the Olympian gods, she was the mother, by Zeus, of the virginal huntress Britomartis, also called Diktynna, whom she bore at Kaino. Carme was the daughter of either Phoenix and Cassiopeia, or of the divine ploughman Euboulos, son of Karmanor.
The duplicates and parallel genealogies are symptoms of the uneasy fit between Minoan cult, to which Carme belonged, and the Mycenaean cult that superseded it.
Carme is a feminine given name of two separate origins. The first is a Galician and Catalan form of Hebrew karmel, "garden". The second is from Greek Karmē, whose name means "she who cuts the grain", from keirein, "to cut".