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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Valley \Val"ley\, n.; pl. Valleys. [OE. vale, valeie, OF. val['e]e, valede, F. vall['e]e, LL. vallata, L. vallis, valles. See Vale.]

  1. The space inclosed between ranges of hills or mountains; the strip of land at the bottom of the depressions intersecting a country, including usually the bed of a stream, with frequently broad alluvial plains on one or both sides of the stream. Also used figuratively.

    The valley of the shadow of death.
    --Ps. xxiii. 4.

    Sweet interchange Of hill and valley, rivers, woods, and plains.

    Note: Deep and narrow valleys with abrupt sides are usually the results of erosion by water, and are called gorges, ravines, ca[~n]ons, gulches, etc.

  2. (Arch.)

    1. The place of meeting of two slopes of a roof, which have their plates running in different directions, and form on the plan a re["e]ntrant angle.

    2. The depression formed by the meeting of two slopes on a flat roof.

      Valley board (Arch.), a board for the reception of the lead gutter in the valley of a roof. The valley board and lead gutter are not usual in the United States.

      Valley rafter, or Valley piece (Arch.), the rafter which supports the valley.

      Valley roof (Arch.), a roof having one or more valleys. See Valley, 2, above.


n. (plural of canon English)

Usage examples of "canons".

On the 5th of September, three canons were authorised to make arrangements for the defence of the monastery.

There was a public procession in which took part the canons of the cathedral church, the clergy of the town, secular and regular, all walking barefoot.

As councillors and assessors he summoned the canons of Rouen in as great a number as possible.

God, despising him and his Sacraments, that thou dost transgress divine law, Holy Scripture and the canons of the Church, that thou thinkest evil and dost err from the faith, that thou art full of vain boasting, that thou art addicted to idolatry and worship of thyself and thy clothes, according to the customs of the heathen.

The canons of Rouen sided with the Sovereign Pontiff and against the Fathers, on this point joining issue with the University of Paris.

After that, the family took a light breakfast in the parlour, during which John repeated his suggestion that Mary visit Canons Grange with him.

Just before the path reached Cob End, another track turned off and ran along the top of the finger, and then dropped down the slope with it, through a paddock, and into the stableyard of Canons Grange.

Unlike Pinnacles, Canons grange had not been built all of a piece, but had grown over a period of centuries by a process of accretion.

Its core was a stone-built hall-house which had been erected for the Austin Canons of Woodham Abbey to house the bailey of their grange.

Mary had no doubt that this was the present owner of Canons Grange, for he still bore a strong resemblance to the reserved, intense boy.

Matthew caught the arrow in mid-flight, through the palm of his left hand, and the King gave him Canons Grange and the estate as a reward, at a peppercorn rent of one arrow every seventh year!

Later that day, a message was sent to Canons Grange inviting the Hartwells to dine and spend the next afternoon at Pinnacles, so that the men might discuss the problem of the refugees in the Forest.

Mary made a polite but noncommittal response, and turned to watch the arrival, not of the expected Wharton wagon, but of a particularly well-built haycart from Canons Grange, lined with bales of straw and drawn by a pair of great horses which arched their necks, raised and lowered their great feathered feet and flourished their ribboned tails with all the pride of their warhorse ancestry.

Slowly, reluctantly, the visitors rode away, looking back over their shoulders as they went, and the beleaguered garrison of Canons Grange watched them out of sight.

As in most homes, the day at Canons Grange began with the household assembling for prayers and a Bible reading.