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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Cajanus \Cajanus\ n. a genus of erect densely branched shrubby perennials of Old World tropics; naturalized in other warm regions.

Syn: genus Cajanus.


The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia.

Species include the pigeon pea (C. cajan).

Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus.

Species include:

  • Cajanus acutifolius
  • Cajanus albicans
  • Cajanus aromaticus
  • Cajanus cajan - pigeon pea, Congo-pea
  • Cajanus cinereus
  • Cajanus confertiflorus
  • Cajanus crassicaulis
  • Cajanus crassus
  • Cajanus elongatus
  • Cajanus goensis
  • Cajanus grandiflorus
  • Cajanus kerstingii
  • Cajanus lanceolatus
  • Cajanus lanuginosus
  • Cajanus latisepalus
  • Cajanus mareebensis
  • Cajanus marmoratus
  • Cajanus mollis
  • Cajanus platycarpus
  • Cajanus pubescens
  • Cajanus reticulatus
  • Cajanus scarabaeoides
  • Cajanus sericeus
  • Cajanus viscidus
Cajanus (family)

The Cajanus family is an ancient Finnish clerical family that has produced numerous clergymen, government officials, and academics. Count Per Brahe nominated the progenitor of the family, a local nimismies Anders Eriksson Hjerta (Cajanus), to serve as Baron and bailiff of his fiefdom of Kajaani. His sons became pastors in neighbouring parishes and family assumed a Latin surname according to the town of Kajaani.

Members of this family include:

  1. Anders Cajanus
  2. Daniel Cajanus (1703-1749) a world-famous giant who was a member of royal courts and performed in England and Holland.
  3. Juhana Cajanus (1655–1681), professor, author of first Finnish-language hymn (still in use), graduated with an M.A. from Uppsala in 1679, appointed as professor of philosophy at Turku Academy in 1680.
  4. Erik Cajanus (1658-1723), Priest of Paltamo
  5. Juhana Fredrik Cajan (1815–1887)
  6. Robert Kajanus (1856–1933), Finnish conductor and composer
  7. Werner Cajanus (1878-1919), professor and inventor, first professor of forest inventory in Finland