Find the word definition

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Latin city name derived from Caesar, applied in honor of the emperors to some new and existing cities in the Roman Empire, including modern Kayseri, Turkey; Shaizar, Syria, and Cherchell, Algeria (representing a French spelling of an Arabic name based on a Berber garbling of the Latin word).


Caesarea (, Kesariya; , Qaysaria; ) is a town in Israel located midway between Tel Aviv and Haifa (45 km), on the Israeli coastal plain near the city of Hadera. Modern Caesarea as of December 2007 had a population of 4,500 people. It is the only Israeli locality managed by a private organization, the Caesarea Development Corporation, and also one of the most populous localities not recognized as a local council. It lies under the jurisdiction of the Hof HaCarmel Regional Council.

The town was built by Herod the Great about 25–13 BCE as the port city Caesarea Maritima. It served as an administrative center of Judaea Province of the Roman Empire, and later the capital of the Byzantine Palaestina Prima province during the classic period. Following the Muslim conquest in the 7th century, in which it was the last city to fall to the Arabs, the city had an Arab majority until Crusader conquest. It was abandoned after the Mamluk conquest. It was re-populated in 1884 by Bosniak immigrants, who settled in a small fishing village. In 1940, kibbutz Sdot Yam was established next to the village. In February 1948 the village was conquered by a Palmach unit commanded by Yitzhak Rabin, its people already having fled following an attack by the Stern Gang. In 1952, a Jewish town of Caesarea was established near the ruins of the old city, which were made into the national park of Caesarea Maritima.

Caesarea (disambiguation)

Caesarea in Israel is the modern town built on the site of ancient Caesarea Maritima.

Caesarea, a city name derived from the Roman title " Caesar", was the name of numerous cities and locations in the Roman Empire :

  • Caesarea Maritima, also known as "Caesarea Palaestinae", an ancient Roman city near the modern Israeli town
    • Caesarea in Palaestina (diocese)
    • Caesarea, the modern Israeli town near ancient Caesarea Maritima
  • Caesarea in Cappadocia, modern Kayseri, an ancient Roman and modern Turkish city
  • Caesarea Philippi, also known as "Caesarea Paneas", an ancient Roman city in the Golan Heights
  • Caesarea in Cilicia, renamed " Anazarbus", an ancient Cilician and Roman city in modern Turkey
  • Caesarea Antiochia, also known as " Antioch of Pisidia", an ancient Pisidian and Roman city in modern Turkey
  • Caesarea Germanica, modern Kahramanmaraş in southern Turkey, an ancient Roman and Byzantine town
  • Caesarea, in southwest Anatolia, also named Kibyra
  • Caesarea of Mauretania in Algeria, modern Cherchell, an ancient Roman city and modern Algerian town
  • Caesarea Magna, formerly Larissa in Syria, modern Shaizar, an ancient Roman city and modern Syrian town
  • Claudiocaesarea, modern Beyşehir, an ancient Roman city and modern Turkish town
  • The island of Caesarea, modern Jersey, in the Channel Islands

Caesarea may also refer to:

  • Kidon, a unit in the Mossad formerly named Caesarea
  • Caesarea (genus), a plant genus in the family Vivianiaceae

Usage examples of "caesarea".

At a certain point a bishop came out and announced that this was the city of Caesarea, by grace of the holy and Roman emperor.

Eusebius of Caesarea, who had come with him to report on the deliberations, was frowning.

But except for Caesarea, there are only a few house-churches in the entire province.

Jewish rebellion had left Hierosolyma in ruins Caesarea had been the capital of Palestine.

Felix in Caesarea that the Jewish high priest and his colleagues indicted the defendant on three charges.

Ephesus, Caesarea, or Rome, but the scholarly consensus leans strongly to the last, particularly because of the verses here cited.

To my astonishment, I found the Caesarea Golf and Country Club over a fence, bordering the kibbutz.

Like a cantor, he drew out the last syllable in the traditional way, as Rabbi Akiba had done as he died in the amphitheater at Caesarea on the orders of Tinius Rufus.

Genoese crusaders had brought back from the Holy Land as a part of the spoils of Caesarea, which they were helpful in capturing under Baldwin, a three-cornered dish, which was said to be the veritable dish used at the Last Supper of Christ and his Apostles.

The parson gave us a most erudite sermon on the rites and ceremonies of Christmas, and the propriety of observing it not merely as a day of thanksgiving but of rejoicing, supporting the correctness of his opinions by the earliest usages of the Church, and enforcing them by the authorities of Theophilus of Caesarea, St.

Pinchas had ordered a large, 4-wheel drive vehicle and they picked it up at a supply station in the ruins of the old coastal city of Caesarea and drove through a gap in the tumbled-down Coast Wall and then on down into the Mediterranean Basin.

See the sharp epistle from Firmilianus, bishop of Caesarea, to Stephen, bishop of Rome, ap.

He had ridden with these men from Constantinople to Ancyra to Caesarea Mazaca.

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN: A wind-driven mist whistled around the ancient and abandoned port of Caesarea, Palestine, and its heaps of rubble, broken walls, and moss-covered harbor which was in use four hundred years before the Christian era.