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Bolshevik \Bolshevik\ n. [Russian bol'shevik fr. bol'she more + -vik, a person, i.e. one who is a member of the majority (in the revolutionary Russian parliament).]

  1. a member of the extreme left wing of the Social Democratic Party that seized power in Russia in 1917 after the Russian October Revolution, and advocated rule by the proletariat and state ownership of property.

    Note: Actually in the minority, this branch seized the opportunity, when the moderate group walked out, to proclaim themselves a majority and form a government. They prevailed in the subsequent civil war.

  2. same as communist, especially used of Russian communists.

  3. anyone with communist leanings or sympathies; -- used very loosely in a derogatory sense by some people with economically conservative views.


Bolshevik \Bolshevik\ adj. of or pertaining to Bolsheviks or bolshevism. Bolshevik Revolution

Syn: bolshevik.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1917, from Russian bol'shiy "greater," comparative of adjective bol'shoy "big, great" (as in Bolshoi Ballet), from Old Church Slavonic boljiji "larger," from PIE root *bel- "strong" (cognates: Sanskrit balam "strength, force," Greek beltion "better," Phrygian balaios "big, fast," Old Irish odbal "strong," Welsh balch "proud;" Middle Dutch, Low German, Frisian pal "strong, firm").\n

\nIt was the faction of the Russian Social Democratic Worker's Party after a split in 1903 that was either larger or more extreme (or both) than the Mensheviks (from Russian men'shij "less"); after they seized power in 1917, applied generally to Russian communists. Bolshevism is recorded from 1917.


n. (alternative form of Bolshevik English)

Bolshevik (disambiguation)

Bolsheviks were a faction of the Russian Social-Democratic Labor Party which eventually took power in Russia.

Bolshevik or Bolsheviks may also refer to:

Bolshevik (inhabited locality)

Bolshevik is the name of several inhabited localities in Russia.

Urban localities Rural localities
  • Bolshevik, Altai Krai, a settlement in Pospelikhinsky Selsoviet of Pospelikhinsky District of Altai Krai
  • Bolshevik, Bryansky District, Bryansk Oblast, a settlement in Chernetovsky Selsoviet of Bryansky District of Bryansk Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Rognedinsky District, Bryansk Oblast, a settlement in Tyuninsky Selsoviet of Rognedinsky District of Bryansk Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Chelyabinsk Oblast, a settlement in Novouralsky Selsoviet of Varnensky District of Chelyabinsk Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Kaluga Oblast, a selo in Sukhinichsky District of Kaluga Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Karachay-Cherkess Republic, a khutor in Urupsky District of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic
  • Bolshevik, Kirov Oblast, a settlement in Bolshevistsky Rural Okrug of Sunsky District of Kirov Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Novokubansky District, Krasnodar Krai, a khutor in Verkhnekubansky Rural Okrug of Novokubansky District of Krasnodar Krai
  • Bolshevik, Tikhoretsky District, Krasnodar Krai, a settlement in Yugo-Severny Rural Okrug of Tikhoretsky District of Krasnodar Krai
  • Bolshevik, Timashyovsky District, Krasnodar Krai, a khutor in Medvedovsky Rural Okrug of Timashyovsky District of Krasnodar Krai
  • Bolshevik, Yeysky District, Krasnodar Krai, a settlement in Trudovoy Rural Okrug of Yeysky District of Krasnodar Krai
  • Bolshevik, Republic of Mordovia, a settlement in Starosindrovsky Selsoviet of Krasnoslobodsky District of the Republic of Mordovia
  • Bolshevik, Moscow Oblast, a settlement in Kalinovskoye Rural Settlement of Serpukhovsky District of Moscow Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, a settlement in Novoslobodsky Selsoviet of Bolsheboldinsky District of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Orenburg Oblast, a selo in Uralsky Selsoviet of Kvarkensky District of Orenburg Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Orlovsky District, Oryol Oblast, a settlement in Zhilyayevsky Selsoviet of Orlovsky District of Oryol Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Uritsky District, Oryol Oblast, a settlement in Kotovsky Selsoviet of Uritsky District of Oryol Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Azovsky District, Rostov Oblast, a khutor in Kalinovskoye Rural Settlement of Azovsky District of Rostov Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Orlovsky District, Rostov Oblast, a khutor in Ostrovyanskoye Rural Settlement of Orlovsky District of Rostov Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Blagodarnensky District, Stavropol Krai, a khutor in Blagodarnensky District, Stavropol Krai
  • Bolshevik, Ipatovsky District, Stavropol Krai, a settlement in Bolshevistsky Selsoviet of Ipatovsky District of Stavropol Krai
  • Bolshevik, Vladimir Oblast, a settlement in Kolchuginsky District of Vladimir Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Alexeyevsky District, Volgograd Oblast, a khutor in Krasnooktyabrsky Selsoviet of Alexeyevsky District of Volgograd Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Yelansky District, Volgograd Oblast, a settlement in Bolshevistsky Selsoviet of Yelansky District of Volgograd Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Voronezh Oblast, a settlement under the administrative jurisdiction of Novokhopyorsk Urban Settlement in Novokhopyorsky District of Voronezh Oblast
  • Bolshevik, Zabaykalsky Krai, a selo in Ononsky District of Zabaykalsky Krai

Usage examples of "bolshevik".

Historians may point out diversities and dissimilarities between the teaching of the Waldenses, the Albigenses, the Henricans, the Poor Men of Lyons, the Cathari, the Vaudois, the Bogomiles, and the Manichees, but they were in reality branches and variants of the same dark fraternity, just as the Third International, the Anarchists, the Nihilists, and the Bolsheviks are in every sense, save the mere label, entirely identical.

He was murdered by the Cheka, the Bolshevik secret police, in June 1918, a month ahead of the rest of the royal family.

Lenin appointed him the first chief of the Cheka, or Bolshevik secret police.

Soon after their seizure of power, the Bolsheviks unleashed a campaign of mass terror, encouraging the workers and the peasants to denounce their neighbours to Revolutionary Tribunals and the local Cheka, or political police.

Bolshevik and a Chekist to begin with, or became one in the early 1930s.

If this were done, it was argued, the Bolshevik regime itself might collapse and the Red Army disintegrate, as the Czarist armies had done in 1917.

Ivan Motkin, agent of the Moscow Reds, had captured Michael Senov, the leader of the Czarist invaders who had rifled the Bolshevik storage vault.

Mishinski was certainly a damyankee, professedly a Darwinist, and possibly a Bolshevik.

It would have been his last term there even had the Bolsheviks not seized power, but presumably because of the coup, when it was already apparent that the family could not safely remain, he took his school-leaving exams a month before the formal time.

The Bolshevik coup timed itself so that Vladimir could just squeeze in his matriculation exams, and when a second Communist incursion drove the Nabokovs on from the Crimea, the family headed for England, and Vladimir and Sergey straight for Cambridge and Oxford, respectively.

The Hankow government, with Borodin and Bolshevik influence dominant, appeared to be in control.

Stalin had pronounced in favour of accepting the proposal of the Menshevik Tseretelli for unification of the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks.

This was an old craft union, traditionally Menshevik, which had already clashed with the Bolshevik government on the question of control of the railways.

Well to the left of the followers of Dr Guizot, he was better able to re-fight the struggles of Bolshevik, Trotskyist and Menshevik than to take arms against a modern police force and army.

Since World War II, Sverdlovsk, renamed after an early Bolshevik leader, had been the heart of the Soviet military-industrial complex, turning out tanks, nuclear rockets, and other armaments as well as biological weapons.