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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ Even the United States government maintains a herd of about twelve thousand wild bison.
▪ Guilty of assault with bison entrails Billings, Mont.
▪ Her left hand rests on her belly, while the right holds a bison horn marked with thirteen lines.
▪ The bison hair must be twisted into a rope for securing prisoners.
▪ The bison trainer married Margaret Lesher late last year, a few months after meeting her at a rodeo.
▪ The tree regenerates elsewhere, where there are bison and wild cattle or even domestic buffaloes and cattle.
▪ The Yellowstone herd, which is directly descended from those last surviving bison, is of particular spiritual importance to those tribes.
▪ They come in the shape of a bear, an eagle and the head of a bison.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Bison \Bi"son\ (b[imac]"s[o^]n; 277), n. [L. bison, Gr. bi`swn, a wild ox; akin to OHG. wisunt, wisant, G. wisent, AS. wesend, Icel. v[=i]sundr: cf. F. bison.] (Zo["o]l.)

  1. The aurochs or European bison.

  2. The American bison buffalo ( Bison Americanus), a large, gregarious bovine quadruped with shaggy mane and short black horns, which formerly roamed in herds over most of the temperate portion of North America, but by 1900 was restricted to very limited districts in the region of the Rocky Mountains, and was almost hunted to extinction.

    Note: Efforts at conservation of the American bison resulted in setting aside several reserves, and by 1990 a few stable herds were established, numbering from hundreds to thousands, roaming certain public areas, such as Yellowstone Park, some reserves in Canada, and some private reserves. Some bison are kept as range animals for food, and the American bison has been bred with domestic cattle to form a cross called the beefalo. The American bison is commonly (though improperly) called a buffalo; an image of the bison appeared on the inverse of the U. S. five-cent coin (nickel) from 1913 to 1937, and that coin was referred to as the buffalo nickel.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1600, from French bison (15c.), from Latin bison "wild ox," borrowed from Proto-Germanic *wisand- "aurochs" (cognates: Old Norse visundr, Old High German wisunt "bison," Old English/Middle English wesend, which is not attested after c.1400). Possibly ultimately of Baltic or Slavic origin, and meaning "the stinking animal," in reference to its scent while rutting (see weasel). A European wild ox formerly widespread on the continent, including the British Isles, now surviving on forest reserves in Lithuania. Applied 1690s to the North American species commonly mis-called a buffalo.


n. 1 A wild ox, ''Bison bonasus''. 2 A similar American animal, ''Bison bison'' else ''Bos americanus'' or ''Bisonte americano''; also called a buffalo.


n. any of several large shaggy-maned humped bovids having large heads and short horns

Bison, KS -- U.S. city in Kansas
Population (2000): 235
Housing Units (2000): 120
Land area (2000): 0.258080 sq. miles (0.668425 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.258080 sq. miles (0.668425 sq. km)
FIPS code: 06950
Located within: Kansas (KS), FIPS 20
Location: 38.520718 N, 99.197528 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 67520
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Bison, KS
Bison, SD -- U.S. town in South Dakota
Population (2000): 373
Housing Units (2000): 227
Land area (2000): 1.001223 sq. miles (2.593156 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.001223 sq. miles (2.593156 sq. km)
FIPS code: 05620
Located within: South Dakota (SD), FIPS 46
Location: 45.523911 N, 102.464634 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 57620
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Bison, SD

Bison or buffalo are large, even-toed ungulates in the genus Bison within the subfamily Bovinae.

Two extant and four extinct species are recognized. Of the four extinct species, three were North American: Bison antiquus, B. latifrons, and B. occidentalis. The fourth, B. priscus, ranged across steppe environments from Western Europe, through Central Asia, East Asia including Japan, and onto North America.

Of the two surviving species, the American bison, B. bison, found only in North America, is the more numerous. Although sometimes referred to historically as a "buffalo", it is only distantly related to the true buffalo. The North American species is composed of two subspecies, the plains bison, B. b. bison, and the wood bison, B. b. athabascae, which is the namesake of Wood Buffalo National Park in Canada. The European bisonB. bonasus, or wisent, is found in Europe and the Caucasus, reintroduced after being extinct in the wild.

While all bison species are classified in their own genus, they are sometimes bred with domestic cattle (genus Bos) and produce fertile offspring called beefalo or zubron.

Bison (disambiguation)

Bison is a taxonomic group containing six species of large even-toed ungulates, among them the extant American bison and European bison (the wisent).

Bison or Bisons may also refer to:

Bison (comics)

Bison (William "Billy" Kitson) is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.

Bison (armoured personnel carrier)

The Bison is an armoured personnel carrier based on the 8x8 MOWAG Piranha II platform, and was produced by General Motors Diesel Division (now General Dynamics Land Systems Canada) in London, Ontario. They were purchased and intended for operation by the Canadian Forces Primary Reserve, but were rapidly appropriated by the regular force of the Canadian Army.

Bison (Siemering)
Not to be confused with Bison (sculpture), a sculpture on the University of Oregon campus in Eugene, Oregon

Bison is an outdoor 1902 bronze sculpture of a bison by German sculptor Rudolf Siemering, installed in Tiergarten, Berlin, Germany.

Bison (sculpture)
Not to be confused with Bison (Siemering), Rudolf Siemering's 1902 bronze sculpture in Berlin, Germany

Bison is an outdoor c. 1960 stone sculpture of an American bison by an unknown artist, installed at the west entrance to the courtyard of Lawrence Hall on the University of Oregon campus in Eugene, Oregon, in the United States.

Bison (novel)

Buffalo is the twenty-fourth novel of Patrick Grainville, published in Éditions du Seuil on January 2, 2014.

Usage examples of "bison".

Hiawatha Led the strangers to his wigwam, Seated them on skins of bison, Seated them on skins of ermine, And the careful old Nokomis Brought them food in bowls of basswood, Water brought in birchen dippers, And the calumet, the peace-pipe, Filled and lighted for their smoking.

The usual choice of the great cats were the huge bison, aurochs, and deer, while packs of oversize hyenas, wolves, and dholes selected from more middle-size game.

Everyone gathered around the large pit in which the haunches of bison were cooking.

Set on stones were elven winter rations and fresh game: oat cakes with salt and maple syrup, dried herring, hunks of deer and bear and bison, even barrels of ale and a trough of spring water.

Here the white-face traders were surrounded by husbands and wives who were trading beaver pelts and tanned bison and antelope hides for awls and needles, mirrors and fire strikers, kettles and tin cups and guns.

Bison flint knapper, had spent most of the past year in making the new supply, for he was the best maker of large spear points in all the village.

Tom Loker we left groaning and touzling in a most immaculately clean Quaker bed, under the motherly supervision of Aunt Dorcas, who found him to the full as tractable a patient as a sick bison.

In the warmer seasons, bison, aurochs, and every variety of deer, from the giant megaceros to small shy roe deer, were numerous, but only reindeer stayed on in winter.

The boys, with the agile energy of their kind, had leaped out to scamper about on the rimy buffalo-grass, dull gray, dried and withered, yet full of nutriment for the little droves of horned cattle already browsing placidly along the slopes where but a few years before the Sioux and Cheyenne chased great herds of bison.

The Icefalcon slipped back among the trees, carefully picking hard and sheltered ground, and crawled snakewise on his belly through the grass to the bison wallow that he knew from other days lay just south of the road.

The scouts then sat down before the door of the tepee and one of the advisers filled the sacred pipe with chacun sha sha, the bark of the red willow, and set it on a bison chip in front of him, because the bison was sacred and gave us both food and shelter.

They could understand that the heavy machinery was a threat, and cunningly dig pit traps for it to fall into, just as they had dug pit traps for wapiti and even the occasional bison when they had been among the living.

Animal life is almost exclusively Terran, and includes feral cattle, sheep, horse and beefalo, wild swine, various deer species, elk, wapiti, European and North American bison, and brown and black bear.

The migrations of horses were often followed, after an interval of a few days, by the gigantic bison, who welcomed the new shoots.

Above the eyes, the head of a basto resembles the American bison, having the same short powerful horns and the thick hair upon its poll and forehead.