Crossword clues for birch
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Birch \Birch\ (b[~e]rch), n.; pl. Birches (-[e^]z). [OE. birche, birk, AS. birce, beorc; akin to Icel. bj["o]rk, Sw. bj["o]rk, Dan. birk, D. berk, OHG. piricha, MHG. birche, birke, G. birke, Russ. bereza, Pol. brzoza, Serv. breza, Skr. bh[=u]rja. [root]254. Cf. 1st Birk.]
A tree of several species, constituting the genus Betula; as, the white or common birch ( Betula alba) (also called silver birch and lady birch); the dwarf birch ( Betula glandulosa); the paper or canoe birch ( Betula papyracea); the yellow birch ( Betula lutea); the black or cherry birch ( Betula lenta).
The wood or timber of the birch.
A birch twig or birch twigs, used for flogging.
Note: The twigs of the common European birch (B. alba), being tough and slender, were formerly much used for rods in schools. They were also made into brooms.
The threatening twigs of birch.
A birch-bark canoe. Birch of Jamaica, a species ( Bursera gummifera) of turpentine tree. Birch partridge. (Zo["o]l.) See Ruffed grouse. Birch wine, wine made of the spring sap of the birch. Oil of birch.
An oil obtained from the bark of the common European birch ( Betula alba), and used in the preparation of genuine (and sometimes of the imitation) Russia leather, to which it gives its peculiar odor.
An oil prepared from the black birch ( Betula lenta), said to be identical with the oil of wintergreen, for which it is largely sold.
Birch \Birch\, a. Of or pertaining to the birch; birchen.
Birch \Birch\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Birched (b[~e]rcht); p. pr. & vb. n. Birching.] To whip with a birch rod or twig; to flog.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
Old English berc, beorc (also the name of the rune for "b"), from Proto-Germanic *berkjon (cognates: Old Saxon birka, Old Norse börk, Danish birk, Swedish björk, Middle Dutch berke, Dutch berk, Old High German birihha, German Birke), from PIE *bhergo (cognates: Ossetian barz, Old Church Slavonic breza, Russian bereza, Lithuanian beržas, Sanskrit bhurjah, Latin farnus, fraxinus "mountain ash"), from root *bhereg- "to gleam, white." Meaning "bunch of birch twigs used for flogging" (1640s) led to verb meaning "to flog" (1830). Related: Birched; birching. Birch beer is by 1827, American English.
n. 1 Any of various trees of the genus ''Betula'', native to countries in the Northern Hemisphere. 2 A hard wood taken from the birch tree, typically used to make furniture. 3 A stick, rod or bundle of twigs made from birch wood, used for punishment. 4 A birch-bark canoe. vb. 1 to punish with a stick, bundle of twigs, or rod made of birch wood. 2 to punish as though one were using a stick, bundle of twigs, or rod made of birch wood.
v. whip with a birch twig
BIRCH (balanced iterative reducing and clustering using hierarchies) is an unsupervised data mining algorithm used to perform hierarchical clustering over particularly large data-sets. An advantage of BIRCH is its ability to incrementally and dynamically cluster incoming, multi-dimensional metric data points in an attempt to produce the best quality clustering for a given set of resources (memory and time constraints). In most cases, BIRCH only requires a single scan of the database.
Its inventors claim BIRCH to be the "first clustering algorithm proposed in the database area to handle 'noise' (data points that are not part of the underlying pattern) effectively", beating DBSCAN by two months. The algorithm received the SIGMOD 10 year test of time award in 2006.
Birch is the common name for trees of the genus Betula.
Birch or Birchs may also refer to:
- BIRCH, a clustering algorithm
- "Birches" (poem), a poem by Robert Frost
- Birch (surname)
Birch is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
- A. A. Birch, Jr.
- Adam Birch
- Andreas Birch
- Arthur John Birch (1915–1995), Australian chemist
- Arthur Nonus Birch, Lieutenant-Governor of Ceylon
- Bill Birch (born 1934), New Zealand politician
- Bob Birch
- Bryan Birch, British mathematician
- Charles Birch, in full Louis Charles Birch (1918–2009), Australian geneticist, theologian and author
- Charles Bell Birch (1832–1893), English sculptor
- Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer
- Christian Birch-Reichenwald
- Prof De Burgh Birch FRSE (1852-1937), English physiologist and author
- Diane Birch, musician
- Edmund Birch
- Elizabeth Birch
- Eugenius Birch
- Francis Birch (cryptographer) (1889–1956), British cryptographer and actor
- Francis Birch (geophysicist) (1903–1992), American geophysicist
- Gary Birch footballer
- Gina Birch
- Glynn Birch
- James W.W. Birch
- Jeff Birch (born 1927), English professional footballer
- John Birch (disambiguation)
- Lamorna Birch
- Margaret Birch
- Martin Birch
- Patricia Birch
- Paul Birch (disambiguation), various
- Penny Birch, pseudonym
- Percy Birch, English footballer
- Peter Birch-Reichenwald
- Raymond Birch
- Ric Birch
- Robert H. Birch, American western outlaw
- Rosalie Birch
- Ryan Birch (1969–2013), British judoka
- Samuel Birch
- Simon Birch
- Stanley F. Birch Jr.
- Thomas Birch
- Thora Birch
- Wallace Birch, footballer
- Walter de Gray Birch (1842-1924), historian
- William Birch (footballer), footballer
- Edna Birch
- Eve Birch
- Peter Birch (Emmerdale)
- Professor Birch, a character from the Pokémon series
Usage examples of "birch".
Laying aside the first branch, Nysander passed the birch switch through the flame and water and struck Alec lightly on his cheeks, shoulders, chest, thighs, and feet, then snapped the stick in two.
The skin was broken nowhere, but here and there, particularly at sensitive places near the shadowy crease which separated the globes one could see dark splotches and stigmata as evidences that the birching had been rather severe.
She failed by five, and was sentenced to a birthday birching which Maude herself applied whilst Alice was, still blind folded, undressed down to camisole and elegant black silk hose with purple rosette garters and tied with her arms in cross and her thighs widely yawned apart in the middle of the room, cords fixing to wrists and ankles being fixed at their other ends in turn to hooks set into the cellar wall.
Alice had sentenced her to a sound birching on the bare, to smarten up this diffident pupil.
You deserve a sound birching, Miss Ashton, and you are going to receive it.
Her name is Charlene Davidson, and she has been wanting a sound birching for quite some time now.
Her violent contortions over the tabouret, needless to say, showed off the most secret parts of her nubile young body in the most lascivious way, and Maude righteously exhorted Charlene to take her birching humbly and not be such an indecent minx, advice which poor Charlene could not have heeded at this point, much less count off the strokes.
As for you, my girl, if I hear from either of my nieces that you have been indiscreet enough to repeat a word of what has been said here in this room tonight, you shall repent it over the birching horse before the entire school.
Julianne had told him once, seeing how the birken tree was another name for the birch, which stood for the first month of the druidic calendar of the trees and represented a time of beginning and cleansing.
The bridegroom whispered to a friend of his whom he dearly loved, to fetch a big handful of birch rods, and hide them secretly under the bed, and this the other did.
While she waited for them to plump up and absorb more of the water, she stripped away the outer bark of a birch tree, scraped off some of the soft, sweet, edible cambium layer underneath, and added it to her root-starch-and-berry mixture.
Then she took small handfuls of the doughy root starch, mixed with the berries, the sweet, flavorful licorice-fern root stalk, and the sweetening and thickening sap from the birch cambium, and dropped them on the hot rocks.
She started their herb tea steeping, adding some birch cambium for the wintergreen flavor, then took the pine cones out of the edge of the fire.
At his inner elbow, tanned skin curdled like birch bark in a fire, split and broke and bled and itched abominably.
When she had opportunity, she could use any weapon from the ferula birch switch to the flagrum whip of stiff, rough oxhide.