Bhati (also spelled Bhatti) is a clan of Gurjars, Rajputs of Chandravanshi origin, and Jats found in India and Pakistan.
Bhati Rajputs ruled Jaisalmer in the 12th century. These people were camel riders, warriors and fond of cattle theft and hunting. Being located deep in the desert, Jaisalmer escaped direct Muslim conquest during the Muslim expansion in India but were eventually defeated by the Muslims nonetheless.
Some Bhatis were nomadic cattle-keepers. In the years preceding the Indian rebellion of 1857, these groups lost land by decisions made by the British East India Company, which assigned to Jat peasants grazing lands formerly frequented by the Bhatis in the Delhi and Haryana regions. The British were not enamoured of nomadic tribes, whom they thought exacted protection in the areas that they visited, and the policies of land reform were designed in part to limit this mobility.
At least some of the Bhati Rajput of Rajasthan were among the communities that practised female infanticide between 1883-1998. One princess, a daughter of the Hindu Bhati Rajput ruling family in Dipalpur, was married to Salar Rajab, a Muslim ruler, and gave birth to Firuz Shah Tughlaq. This was one of several examples of inter-religious royal marriage alliances during the period of Turkic Muslim rule in India. Rajput Bhati princesses were also married into the royal family of Jodhpur.
In some parts of modern Pakistan, especially in the Northern and Central Punjab, low-caste doms (or Mirasi singers/dancers) now also call themselves 'Bhattis'; a fact deeply resented by the authentic Bhatti Rajputs.
Bhati was a large region of medieval Bengal, referred to by Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak and by others until at least the 17th-century CE, during the period of the Mughal Empire. It encompassed the river delta area now lying on the borders of Bangladesh and West Bengal and often referred to as eastern Bengal.
Bhati was one of the forested areas that the Mughals began to turn into arable land. The historian Richard Eaton says that:
Among its rulers was Musa Khan, who opposed the Mughals but was defeated by them and imprisoned for some time in Dhaka, being freed in 1613 and thereafter co-operating with his former enemies in various military expeditions.